Hemiscyllium michaeli, Leopard Epaulette shark

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Hemiscyllium michaeli Allen & Dudgeon, 2010

Leopard Epaulette shark
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hemiscyllium michaeli   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hemiscyllium michaeli (Leopard Epaulette shark)
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Hemiscylliidae.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Orectolobiformes (Carpet sharks) > Hemiscylliidae (Bamboo sharks)
Etymology: Hemiscyllium: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, skylla = a kind of shark (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien benthopelagisch; diepteverspreiding 2 - 20 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C -

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: Eastern Papua New Guinea (Ref. 83755).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 69.5 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 83755)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

The species was previously confused with H. freycineti, which is restricted to Papua Barat Province (western New Guinea), Indonesia. The two species differ primarily in colour pattern, which provides the best means of separating the various members of the genus. Both species have a profuse covering of brown spots with a large black or brown ocellated marking on the middle of the side, just behind the head. The spots of H. michaeli are generally denser, larger, and distinctly polygonal, remarkably similar to the spots of a leopard. In contrast those of H. freycineti are round to transversely elongate and are darkened at regular intervals to form 8-9 bars or saddle-like markings (including those on the tail). The difference in spot pattern between the two species is particularly evident in the head region. In addition, H. michaeli possesses a vivid ocellate black spot behind the head, whereas the black spot of H. freycineti is generally not well defined. Comparison of the mitochondrial ND4 gene also supports the species-level separation of these species.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Allen, G.R. and C.L. Dudgeon, 2010. Hemiscyllium michaeli, a new species of Bamboo Shark (Hemiscyllidae) from Papua New Guinea. aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 16(1):19-30. (Ref. 83755)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Kwetsbaar, zie IUCN Rode Lijst (VU) (B2ab(ii,iii,v)); Date assessed: 04 May 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00177 - 0.00897), b=3.09 (2.89 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .