分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(属, 种) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水 底中水层性.
Europe: Neretva and Trebisnjica drainages in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Cobitis populations in Jadova polje and Mostarsko Blato in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina may represent unnamed species (Ref. 59043).
Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 10.2 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 91127); 9.0 cm SL (female); 最大年龄: 5 年 (Ref. 59043)
型态特徵 | 形态测量图
Single, conspicuous, comma-shaped black spot at upper caudal base. Postdorsal blotches 1-3 squarish, with straight or concave lateral margins. Depth of caudal peduncle 1.3-1.9 times its length.
Inhabit lake and river shores on sand bottom (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, possibly with distinct pairing during breeding similar to congeners (Ref. 205). Are batch spawners (Ref. 59043). Population is threatened by the construction of Neretva dam and competition from introduced species (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00251 - 0.00913), b=2.99 (2.83 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 2.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179
): 中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tmax=5).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .