Arothron stellatus, Stellate puffer

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Arothron stellatus (Anonymous, 1798)

Stellate puffer
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Arothron stellatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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> Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae (Puffers) > Tetraodontinae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; saumâtre récifal; profondeur 3 - 58 m (Ref. 1602).   Tropical; 36°N - 48°S, 24°E - 132°W

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa eastward through Indonesia to Tuamotus, northward to southern Japan, southward to Lord Howe Island.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 9710); common length : 54.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5450)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 10-12; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 10 - 11. Body covered with prickles (Ref. 559). Juveniles with dark stripes on belly, becoming spots with growth; adults with or without spots on fin (Ref. 4919).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Relatively uncommon in patch reefs and coral slopes near sandy areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Juveniles occur in sandy and weedy inner reefs, adults on clear lagoons and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Juveniles inshore, usually on muddy substrates and often estuarine. Adults on deep slopes and range to outer reefs, sometimes swimming high above the substrate or just below the surface. Pelagic larvae may disperse over great distance and juveniles occur in subtropical zone (Ref. 48637). Enter estuaries (Ref. 4833). Considered as the giant among puffers reaching a total length well in excess of a meter.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Matsuura, Keiichi | Collaborateurs

Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Poisonous to eat (Ref. 559)





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: sans intérêt
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.4 - 29, mean 27.8 °C (based on 1224 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.04898 (0.02995 - 0.08010), b=2.87 (2.73 - 3.01), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (61 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 29.5 [9.9, 64.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.536 [0.282, 1.138] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.5, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.208 [0.090, 0.474] g/100g ; Selenium = 42.8 [18.0, 109.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 45.1 [10.4, 176.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.986 [0.597, 1.670] mg/100g (wet weight);