Arothron stellatus, Stellate puffer

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Arothron stellatus (Anonymous, 1798)

Stellate puffer
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Arothron stellatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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> Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae (Puffers) > Tetraodontinae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 3 - 58 m (Ref. 1602).   Tropical; 36°N - 48°S, 24°E - 132°W

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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa eastward through Indonesia to Tuamotus, northward to southern Japan, southward to Lord Howe Island.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 9710); common length : 54.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5450)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 10-12; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 10 - 11. Body covered with prickles (Ref. 559). Juveniles with dark stripes on belly, becoming spots with growth; adults with or without spots on fin (Ref. 4919).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Relatively uncommon in patch reefs and coral slopes near sandy areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Juveniles occur in sandy and weedy inner reefs, adults on clear lagoons and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Juveniles inshore, usually on muddy substrates and often estuarine. Adults on deep slopes and range to outer reefs, sometimes swimming high above the substrate or just below the surface. Pelagic larvae may disperse over great distance and juveniles occur in subtropical zone (Ref. 48637). Enter estuaries (Ref. 4833). Considered as the giant among puffers reaching a total length well in excess of a meter.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | Medewerkers

Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Poisonous to eat (Ref. 559)





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.4 - 29, mean 27.8 °C (based on 1224 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.04898 (0.02995 - 0.08010), b=2.87 (2.73 - 3.01), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (61 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 29.5 [9.9, 64.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.536 [0.282, 1.138] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.5, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.208 [0.090, 0.474] g/100g ; Selenium = 42.8 [18.0, 109.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 45.1 [10.4, 176.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.986 [0.597, 1.670] mg/100g (wet weight);