Arothron stellatus, Stellate puffer

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Arothron stellatus (Anonymous, 1798)

Stellate puffer
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Arothron stellatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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> Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae (Puffers) > Tetraodontinae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut; payau berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman 3 - 58 m (Ref. 1602).   Tropical; 36°N - 48°S, 24°E - 132°W

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa eastward through Indonesia to Tuamotus, northward to southern Japan, southward to Lord Howe Island.

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 9710); common length : 54.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 5450)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 0; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 10-12; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 10 - 11. Body covered with prickles (Ref. 559). Juveniles with dark stripes on belly, becoming spots with growth; adults with or without spots on fin (Ref. 4919).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Relatively uncommon in patch reefs and coral slopes near sandy areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Juveniles occur in sandy and weedy inner reefs, adults on clear lagoons and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Juveniles inshore, usually on muddy substrates and often estuarine. Adults on deep slopes and range to outer reefs, sometimes swimming high above the substrate or just below the surface. Pelagic larvae may disperse over great distance and juveniles occur in subtropical zone (Ref. 48637). Enter estuaries (Ref. 4833). Considered as the giant among puffers reaching a total length well in excess of a meter.

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Oviparous (Ref. 205).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | mitra

Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 123251)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Poisonous to eat (Ref. 559)





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: tidak ada kepentingan
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informasi lanjut

Negara-negara
Daerah-daerah FAO
Ecosystems
Kemunculan
Introduksi
Stocks
Ekologi
Makanan
Bahan makanan
Konsumsi makanan
Jatah
Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
BRUVS
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
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Pengolahan
Nutrients
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mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
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Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
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Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

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Sumber internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Marga, Jenis | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genom, Nukleotida | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Pangkalan data nasional | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Akuarium publik | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: pergi, Cari | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.4 - 29, mean 27.8 °C (based on 1224 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.04898 (0.02995 - 0.08010), b=2.87 (2.73 - 3.01), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  Rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 4.5 - 14 tahun (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (61 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 29.5 [9.9, 64.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.536 [0.282, 1.138] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.5, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.208 [0.090, 0.474] g/100g ; Selenium = 42.8 [18.0, 109.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 45.1 [10.4, 176.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.986 [0.597, 1.670] mg/100g (wet weight);