分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(属, 种) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Proterorhinus: Greek, proteros = former + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水; 半咸淡水 底中水层性.
Euorpe: Black Sea basin; Maritza and Struma drainages in eastern Aegean basin. In Danube, present up to about Vienna, invasive since 1970s, now reaching upstream to southern Germany. In South Bug and Dniepr native far upriver. Introduced to North America in 1991 through ballast of ships.
大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 59043)
Inhabits a variety of slow-flowing or still waters from estuarine to small, slow flowing premontane streams; usually in dense vegetation or coarse rocks, and often very abundant in backwaters and lakes, breeds in reservoirs and channels. Preys on benthic invertebrates. Spawns for the first time at 1-2 years, usually for 1-2 seasons only, in April to August. Females may spawn more than once during the season and males guard the eggs that are deposited in cavities. Larvae and juveniles are benthic. It is invasive in Danube and Rhine where reportedly, the spreading was due to canalization of main river and reservoirs or slow-flowing waters created by hydroelectric plants (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00320 - 0.01497), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179
): 高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).