分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Proterorhinus: Greek, proteros = former + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 新鮮な水; 汽水性の 底生の漂泳性. Temperate
Euorpe: Black Sea basin; Maritza and Struma drainages in eastern Aegean basin. In Danube, present up to about Vienna, invasive since 1970s, now reaching upstream to southern Germany. In South Bug and Dniepr native far upriver. Introduced to North America in 1991 through ballast of ships.
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 59043)
Inhabits a variety of slow-flowing or still waters from estuarine to small, slow flowing premontane streams; usually in dense vegetation or coarse rocks, and often very abundant in backwaters and lakes, breeds in reservoirs and channels. Preys on benthic invertebrates. Spawns for the first time at 1-2 years, usually for 1-2 seasons only, in April to August. Females may spawn more than once during the season and males guard the eggs that are deposited in cavities. Larvae and juveniles are benthic. It is invasive in Danube and Rhine where reportedly, the spreading was due to canalization of main river and reservoirs or slow-flowing waters created by hydroelectric plants (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00320 - 0.01497), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 高い, １５か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).