Cephalopholis boenak, Chocolate hind : fisheries, aquarium

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Cephalopholis boenak (Bloch, 1790)

Chocolate hind
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> Perciformes/Serranoidei (Groupers) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 関連する礁; 移住性ではない; 深さの範囲 1 - 64 m, usually 4 - 30 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 32°N - 32°S, 29°E - 171°E (Ref. 5222)

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Kenya to southern Mozambique eastward to the western Pacific. Reported from the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819). Not reported from oceanic islands in the Indian Ocean, except for Aldabra, Comoros, Madagascar, and the Andaman and Lakshadweep islands. Unknown from the Red Sea, Persian Gulf, and from the islands of Micronesia except for Palau. Record from Rodriguez by Heemstra & Randall (1984, Ref. 3153) could not be verified and is probably erroneous (Ref. 33390).

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm 12.2, range 8 - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 48635); 最大記録サイズ: 11 年 (Ref. 45317)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 9; 背鰭 (合計): 15-17; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 8. Brownish to greenish grey with dusky vertical bands over the body. White margins and black sub-margins on the median fins (Ref. 48635). Preopercle rounded, very finely serrate; no enlarged spines at angle, lower edge fleshy; characterized further by having ctenoid scales on body including abdomen; greatest depth of body 2.6-3.1 in SL; rounded caudal fin; pelvic fins not usually reaching anus, 1.6-2.1 in head length (Ref. 90102).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Mainly a coastal species (Ref. 48635). Inhabits silty dead reefs in protected waters. May also be seen on live coral (Ref. 089707). Secretive (Ref. 37816). Feeds mainly on fish (Ref. 30531) and crustaceans (Ref. 089707). Courtship and pair spawning were observed by Donaldson (1989, Ref. 6900). Diandric protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 45317).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 協力者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 123251)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 November 2016

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 食糧水産; 水族館・水槽: 商業
FAO - 水産業: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

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共通名の
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繁殖
成熟
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体長-重さ
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形態計測学
形態学
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参考文献
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.1, mean 28.1 °C (based on 1414 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.01051 - 0.01580), b=3.05 (3.02 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (tm=1-2).
Prior r = 0.38, 95% CL = 0.25 - 0.57, Based on 4 stock assessments.
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 60.4 [34.1, 104.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.714 [0.387, 1.232] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.5, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.177 [0.107, 0.284] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.9 [20.9, 63.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 156 [57, 457] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.883 [0.619, 1.480] mg/100g (wet weight);