Elops hawaiensis, Hawaiian ladyfish : fisheries, gamefish

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Elops hawaiensis Regan, 1909

Hawaiian ladyfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Elops hawaiensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Elops hawaiensis
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Elopiformes (Tarpons and tenpounders) > Elopidae (Tenpounders)
Etymology: Elops: Greek, ellops = a kind of serpent (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Regan.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; zoetwater; brakwater; anadroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 1 - 30 m (Ref. 6898). Tropical; 41°N - 40°S, 92°E - 138°W

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: from the Andaman Sea in the Eastern Indian Ocean to Western Australia and in the Pacific, from southern Japan to New South Wales and New Caledonia; throughout most of Oceania to the Hawaiian Is., Society Is., and Tuamotus (Ref. 86689). Currently treated as a single species, but this status should be considered provisional. Further studies may reveal a complex of closely related species, as in the case of Albula.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 44894); common length : 50.0 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 10983); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 10.1 kg (Ref. 6736)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 23-27; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 14 - 18. A gular plate present between arms of lower jaw. Branchiostegal rays numerous, approximately 20-25. All fins without spines. Scales very small, approximately 100 in lateral line.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

A coastal fish, commonly entering lagoon, bays, and estuaries (including fishponds) (Ref. 2847, 58302), particularly around mangroves (Ref. 44894). Sometimes enters freshwater streams, but does not penetrate very far inland (Ref. 2847). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Younger fish often penetrate the lower freshwater reaches of rivers (Ref. 44894). An active swimmer, commonly traveling in schools in open water. Feeds on various fishes and crustaceans. Little detailed knowledge exists of its biology. Has a leptocephalus larva. Spawning takes place offshore and young larvae are found in the open sea, moving close to shore as they develop. Juveniles commonly found in salt marshes, canals, and tidal streams. Marketed fresh or frozen; in some places ground up as fish meal. A good sport fish on light tackle, striking a variety of artificial lures as well as live shrimp or baitfish. No separate statistics available. (Ref. 10983).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Smith, D.G., 1997. Elopidae. Ladyfishes, tenpounders. p. 1619-1620. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 10983)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Onvoldoende gegevens (DD) ; Date assessed: 30 March 2011

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless (Ref. 4887)





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; vis voor de hengelsport: ja
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.5 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2710 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5176   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00254 - 0.01244), b=3.02 (2.83 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.62 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (88 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 98.3 [52.9, 180.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.26 [0.76, 2.01] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.6 [13.2, 18.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.431 [0.198, 0.908] g/100g ; Selenium = 67.8 [30.6, 146.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22.4 [7.8, 65.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.09 [0.75, 1.59] mg/100g (wet weight);