Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Crenuchidae
(South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335); xanthopterum: Derived from the Greek xanthos (yellow) and pteron (fin), meaning yellow fin, in reference to the bright yellow fins of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: tributaries of the rio Paranaíba drainage, upper rio Paraná basin, and tributaries to the upper rio Tocantins basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76854)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 9;
Vertebrae: 32 - 33. Distinguished from other species of genus Characidium by the bright yellow fin coloration, and by the absence of conspicuous dark bars along the sides of body in
individuals larger than 3.5 cm SL (vs. dark bars or marks present on the sides of the body in specimens of all sizes in the remaining species of Characidium) (Ref. 76854).
Found mostly in riffles, rocky bed with pebbles and sand deposits (Ref. 76854).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Silveira, L.G.G., F. Langeani, W.J. da Graça, C.S. Pavanelli and P.A. Buckup, 2008. Characidium xanthopterum (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Crenuchidae): a new species from the Central Brazilian Plateau. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(2):169-174. (Ref. 76854)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00475 - 0.03656), b=3.02 (2.78 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .