Characidium xavante

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Characidium xavante da Graça, Pavanelli & Buckup, 2008

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drawing shows typical species in Crenuchidae.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Characiformes (Characins) > Crenuchidae (South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335);  xavante: Named for its type locality, Córrego Xavante. Xavante refers to the indigenous Brazilian ethnic group, inhabiting the region between the Rio das Mortes and Rio Culuene, Mato Grosso; also the stream at the type locality is named after this ethnic group.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten bentopelagisk.   Tropical

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

South America: Rio Culuene watershed, upper Rio Xingu drainage in Brazil.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 75787)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 12-13; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 9 - 10; Ryggkotor: 32 - 33. Belongs to a group of species, including Characidium nupelia, distinguished uniquely by having high number (12-18) of dark vertical bars on the body, each bar having the width of a scale. Diagnosed by a lower number of scales around the caudal peduncle (10 vs. 12 or more in most Characidium species). Differs from Characidium nupelia by its wider interorbital region (interorbital distance 30.1-38.0 vs. 20.5-28.6% HL) and lower caudal peduncle (caudal peduncle depth 35.4-44.9 vs. 46.2-57.8% HL). Additional conspicuous external characters that are not unique but are helpful in the identification of this species include absence of adipose fin, incomplete lateral line, and presence of a dark blotch on the caudal peduncle (Ref. 75787).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

da Graça, W.F., C.S. Pavanelli and P.A. Buckup, 2008. Two new species of Characidium (Characiformes: crenuchidae) from Paraguay and Xingu River Basins, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Copeia 2008(2):326-332. (Ref. 75787)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

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Internet-källor

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00309 - 0.01700), b=3.08 (2.88 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .