Characidium xavante

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Characidium xavante da Graça, Pavanelli & Buckup, 2008

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drawing shows typical species in Crenuchidae.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Characiformes (Characins) > Crenuchidae (South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335);  xavante: Named for its type locality, Córrego Xavante. Xavante refers to the indigenous Brazilian ethnic group, inhabiting the region between the Rio das Mortes and Rio Culuene, Mato Grosso; also the stream at the type locality is named after this ethnic group.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性.   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

South America: Rio Culuene watershed, upper Rio Xingu drainage in Brazil.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 75787)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背的軟條 (總數): 12-13; 臀鰭軟條: 9 - 10; 脊椎骨: 32 - 33. Belongs to a group of species, including Characidium nupelia, distinguished uniquely by having high number (12-18) of dark vertical bars on the body, each bar having the width of a scale. Diagnosed by a lower number of scales around the caudal peduncle (10 vs. 12 or more in most Characidium species). Differs from Characidium nupelia by its wider interorbital region (interorbital distance 30.1-38.0 vs. 20.5-28.6% HL) and lower caudal peduncle (caudal peduncle depth 35.4-44.9 vs. 46.2-57.8% HL). Additional conspicuous external characters that are not unique but are helpful in the identification of this species include absence of adipose fin, incomplete lateral line, and presence of a dark blotch on the caudal peduncle (Ref. 75787).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)


Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

da Graça, W.F., C.S. Pavanelli and P.A. Buckup, 2008. Two new species of Characidium (Characiformes: crenuchidae) from Paraguay and Xingu River Basins, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Copeia 2008(2):326-332. (Ref. 75787)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00309 - 0.01700), b=3.08 (2.88 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 ().
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .