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Apterichtus australis McCosker & Randall, 2005

Snake eel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Apterichtus australis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Apterichtus australis (Snake eel)
Apterichtus australis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) 鰻鱺目 (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) 蛇鰻科 (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Apterichtus: From the Greek ??????? (apteron), without fins, and ????? (ichtus, more correctly written ichthys; masculine), fish.;  australis: Named australis in recognition of this species' distribution..
More on authors: McCosker & Randall.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

海洋 底中水層性; 深度上下限 12 - 100 m (Ref. 75631). ; 36°N - 34°S, 136°E - 109°W

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific: from Japan and the south Pacific island groups of Rapa, Pitcairn, Easter, New Zealand, and possibly Lord Howe.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 75631); 57.0 cm TL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

脊椎骨: 162 - 167. An elongate, finless species of sphagebranchin ophichthine (sensu McCosker 1977) with: tail 45-57% and head 5-5.5% of total length; 3 preopercular pores and 3 pores in supratemporal canal; teeth conical, uniserial on jaws and vomer; body mostly pale in preservative, creamy dorsally and reddish-brown ventrally with light and dark head markings in life; and mean vertebral formula 82–164, total vertebrae 162–167. Anterior nostril within an elongate tube, approximately 1/2 the diameter of the eye, its base about midsnout and anterolaterally directed when viewed from above. Posterior nostril opens in outer lip beneath anterior margin of eye. Branchial openings low, ventral; branchial region modestly expanded, creating a bulbous region in posterior half of head (Ref. 75631).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs over sand with associated rock and coral reef bottoms and collected with ichthyocides and dredges at depths between 12-100 m (Ref. 75631). Largest specimen examined, female at 57 cm TL (Ref. 101270).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : McCosker, John E. | 合作者

McCosker, J.E. and Y. Hibino, 2015. A review of the finless snake eels of the genus Apterichtus (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae), with the description of five new species. Zootaxa 3941(1):49-78. (Ref. 101270)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  未評估 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





人類使用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多資訊

國家
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新陳代謝
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生態毒物學
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孕卵數

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Otoliths
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眼睛色素

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網路資源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00044 - 0.00239), b=2.97 (2.77 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100).