Cephaloscyllium sarawakense, Sarawak pygmy swell shark

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Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmad & Gambang, 2005

Sarawak pygmy swell shark
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Image of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense (Sarawak pygmy swell shark)
Cephaloscyllium sarawakense
Picture by Ebert, D.A.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (hajar och rockor) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae (Cat sharks)
Etymology: Cephaloscyllium: Greek, kephale = head + skylion = dogfish (Ref. 80388);  sarawakense: Named for the dark blotch ('circle dark') at the center of the body, between the pectoral and pelvic fins.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bentopelagisk; djupintervall 100 - 200 m (Ref. 94801).   Subtropical

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: South China Sea (western south Taiwan, Hong Kong, Gulf of Tongking, Vietnam, Malaysia).

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 35 - 40 cm
Max length : 39.7 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 75582); 44.1 cm TL (female)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

This small-sized shark is distinguished by the following characters: adults with 2 distinct and wide brown saddle blotches before first dorsal fin while juveniles with 3; first saddle immediately behind eye, second over posterior 1/3 of base and inner margin of pectoral fin, the third a little before first dorsal fin, which fades with growth; dark lateral circular to oblong blotches above gill openings and on lateral side of trunk; young individuals with many polka dots on body and fins; anterior nasal flap triangular without an elongate flap (Ref. 98601).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

All specimens were collected by trawl nets near the edge of the continental shelf (Ref. 75538).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Medarbetare

Yano, K., A. Ahmad, A.C. Gambang, A.H. Idris, A.R. Solahuddin and Z. Aznan, 2005. Sharks and rays of Malaysia and Brunei, Darussalam. SEAFDEC-MFRDMD/SP/12. Kuala Terengganu. Sharks and Rays Malaysia and Brunei:557 pp. (Ref. 75538)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 01 December 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
Föda
Födoslag
Födointag
Näringsinnehåll
Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
Tillväxt
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
Larver
Larvdynamik
Rekrytering
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referenser
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Vattenbruksprofil
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Mass conversion
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ljud
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Otoliths
Hjärnstorlek
Syn

Verktyg

Special reports

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationella databaser | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17.5 - 23.6, mean 20.2 °C (based on 66 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00170 - 0.00646), b=3.15 (2.97 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .