Cephaloscyllium sarawakense, Sarawak pygmy swell shark

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Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmad & Gambang, 2005

Sarawak pygmy swell shark
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Image of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense (Sarawak pygmy swell shark)
Cephaloscyllium sarawakense
Picture by Ebert, D.A.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Élasmobranches (requins et raies) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae (Cat sharks) > Scyliorhininae
Etymology: Cephaloscyllium: cephalus, from kephale (Gr.), head, referring to its very broad and depressed head; skylion, Greek for dogfish or small shark. (See ETYFish);  sarawakense: -ensis, Latin suffix denoting place: Sarawak, Malaysia, type locality. (See ETYFish).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin benthopélagique; profondeur 100 - 200 m (Ref. 94801). Subtropical

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: South China Sea (western south Taiwan, Hong Kong, Gulf of Tongking, Vietnam, Malaysia).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 37.5, range 35 - 40 cm
Max length : 39.7 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 75582); 44.1 cm TL (female)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

This small-sized shark is distinguished by the following characters: adults with 2 distinct and wide brown saddle blotches before first dorsal fin while juveniles with 3; first saddle immediately behind eye, second over posterior 1/3 of base and inner margin of pectoral fin, the third a little before first dorsal fin, which fades with growth; dark lateral circular to oblong blotches above gill openings and on lateral side of trunk; young individuals with many polka dots on body and fins; anterior nasal flap triangular without an elongate flap (Ref. 98601).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

All specimens were collected by trawl nets near the edge of the continental shelf (Ref. 75538).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborateurs

Yano, K., A. Ahmad, A.C. Gambang, A.H. Idris, A.R. Solahuddin and Z. Aznan, 2005. Sharks and rays of Malaysia and Brunei, Darussalam. SEAFDEC-MFRDMD/SP/12. Kuala Terengganu. Sharks and Rays Malaysia and Brunei:557 pp. (Ref. 75538)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niveau de menace critique (CR) (A2d); Date assessed: 20 May 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

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Sources Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de données nationales | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17.5 - 23.6, mean 20.2 °C (based on 66 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00288 (0.00148 - 0.00562), b=3.19 (3.01 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .