Cephaloscyllium sarawakense, Sarawak pygmy swell shark

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Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmad & Gambang, 2005

Sarawak pygmy swell shark
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Image of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense (Sarawak pygmy swell shark)
Cephaloscyllium sarawakense
Picture by Ebert, D.A.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鰓亞綱 (鯊魚與魟魚) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) 真鯊目 (Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae (Cat sharks) 貓鮫科 (Cat sharks)
Etymology: Cephaloscyllium: Greek, kephale = head + skylion = dogfish (Ref. 80388);  sarawakense: Named for the dark blotch ('circle dark') at the center of the body, between the pectoral and pelvic fins.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 底中水層性; 深度上下限 100 - 200 m (Ref. 94801), usually - m (Ref. ).   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: South China Sea (western south Taiwan, Hong Kong, Gulf of Tongking, Vietnam, Malaysia).

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 35 - 40 cm
Max length : 39.7 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 75582); 44.1 cm TL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

This small-sized shark is distinguished by the following characters: adults with 2 distinct and wide brown saddle blotches before first dorsal fin while juveniles with 3; first saddle immediately behind eye, second over posterior 1/3 of base and inner margin of pectoral fin, the third a little before first dorsal fin, which fades with growth; dark lateral circular to oblong blotches above gill openings and on lateral side of trunk; young individuals with many polka dots on body and fins; anterior nasal flap triangular without an elongate flap (Ref. 98601).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

All specimens were collected by trawl nets near the edge of the continental shelf (Ref. 75538).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 合作者

Yano, K., A. Ahmad, A.C. Gambang, A.H. Idris, A.R. Solahuddin and Z. Aznan, 2005. Sharks and rays of Malaysia and Brunei, Darussalam. SEAFDEC-MFRDMD/SP/12. Kuala Terengganu. Sharks and Rays Malaysia and Brunei:557 pp. (Ref. 75538)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  資料不足 (DD) ; Date assessed: 01 December 2008

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





人類使用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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工具

特別的報告

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網路資源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 國家資料庫 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17.5 - 23.6, mean 20.2 °C (based on 66 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00170 - 0.00646), b=3.15 (2.97 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .