Orectolobus parvimaculatus, Dwarf spotted wobbegong

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Orectolobus parvimaculatus Last & Chidlow, 2008

Dwarf spotted wobbegong
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Orectolobus parvimaculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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drawing shows typical species in Orectolobidae.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

板鰓亜鋼(サメとエイ類) (sharks and rays) > Orectolobiformes (Carpet sharks) > Orectolobidae (Carpet or nurse sharks)
Etymology: Orectolobus: Greek, orektos = stretch out + Greek, lobos = lobe (Ref. 45335);  parvimaculatus: Name from Latin ‘parvus’ meaning little with the name of a larger, congener with similar, spotted colour pattern, Orectolobus maculatus, with which this species has been confused in the past.  More on authors: Last & Chidlow.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 底生の; 深さの範囲 9 - 135 m (Ref. 74934).   Subtropical

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: off southwestern Australia.

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 87.6 cm
Max length : 88.5 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 74934); 94.3 cm TL (female)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

This species is characterized by the following features: body coloration variable, rich, brownish, greyish and/or yellowish dorsal colour pattern overlain with dense coverage of pale irregular streaks and large, ring-like ocelli; dorsal fins has alternating dark and light marginal blotches suffused with pale reticulations; dark saddles found on tail converging strongly toward ventral surface; ventral surface of trunk mainly uniformly pale; nasal barbel is bilobed; postspiracular lobes are well-developed, thallate, distance across preorbital group 1.8-2.5 times interspace between preorbital group and postspiracular lobe (PO/PO-PS1), 5.6-8.7 times base length of anterior postspiracular lobe (PO/PS1); base of anterior postspiracular lobe 2.6-4.5 in its distance from postorbital group (PO-PS1/PS1), 1.4-2.6 in its distance from posterior postspiracular lobe (PS1-PS2/PS1); back and above eye without warty tubercles; dorsal fins tall, upright in adult males; first dorsal-fin origin over mid pelvic-fin base; tip of pelvic fin below or slightly forward of insertion of first dorsal fin; interdorsal space 0.6-0.8 times the anal-fin base length; anal-fin inner margin 0.5-0.7 of anal-fin posterior margin; 21-22 teeth in upper jaw, medial row at symphysis of upper jaw absent; 46-49 monospondylous centra; 142-149 total vertebral centra (Ref. 74934).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Last, P.R. and J.A. Chidlow, 2008. Two new wobbegong sharks, Orectolobus floridus sp. nov. and O. parvimaculatus sp. nov. (Orectolobiformes: Orectolobidae), from southwestern Australia. Zootaxa 1673:49-67. (Ref. 74934)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 123251)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 18 February 2015

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17.4 - 22.7, mean 18.3 °C (based on 32 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5012   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低い, 4.5年~14年の倍増期間の最小個体群 ().
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .