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Australoheros scitulus (Říčan & Kullander, 2003)

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Australoheros scitulus
Picture by Koerber, S.

Classificatie / Names Lokale namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Australoheros: From the Latin word 'australis' meaning southern, and the name Heros, after the nominotypic genus of the heroini tribe. tribe.
More on authors: Říčan & Kullander.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoet water pelagisch. Tropical

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystemen | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

South America: Río Rosario drainage in the Río de La Plata region of Uruguay, and from the lower Río Uruguay tributaries in Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil.

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm SL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 116916)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 16 - 18; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 7-10; Anale stekels 8-9; Anale zachte stralen: 6 - 8; Wervels: 26 - 27. Midlateral stripe prominent, vertical bars less intensive; black spots in dorsal, anal, and caudal fin; dark spots on the opercle and anterior flank scales. Distinguished from both C. facetum and C. tembe by having 8-9 anal-fin spines [vs. 6-7 (rarely 5 or 8), 5-7, respectively], 13-14 anal pterygiophores (vs. 12-13, 11-12, respectively), modally 17 dorsal-fin spines (vs. 16), and modally 6 gill rakers on first ceratobranchial (vs. 8, 7-8, respectively). Further distinguished from 'C.' facetum in having 14 caudal vertebrae (vs. 13) and from 'C'. tembe by a shorter caudal peduncle including only one or no vertebral centrum (vs. 3). Jaw teeth lack the second cusp (also in tembe vs. present in facetum (Ref. 51414).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Found in a large stream about 10 meters wide, the water mostly shallow, less than 1 meter deep; bottom of mixed rock, sand, and gravel, providing riffles; slightly brownish and turbid. Radiographed specimens reveal considerable amounts of small shells in the guts and intestines. The stout lower pharyngeal bone consistent with a snail diet (Ref. 51414).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Medewerkers

Říčan, O. and S.O. Kullander, 2003. `Cichlasoma' scitulum: a new species of cichlid fish from the Río de La Plata region in Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. Copeia 2003(4):794-802. (Ref. 51414)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03388 (0.01826 - 0.06288), b=3.04 (2.88 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Assuming Fec<1000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).