Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Torpediniformes
(Electric rays) > Narcinidae
Etymology: Benthobatis: Greek, benthos = depth of the sea + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 420 - 527 m (Ref. 57911), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 20°S - 45°S, 55°W - 40°W (Ref. 57911)
Southwest Atlantic: off southern Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57911)
Deep water species on the continental slope. Feeds on worms, isopods and amphipods. The late-term embryos seem to gestate in a combined uterine/cloacal chamber. Produces up to 2 pups during each pregnancy. Maturity size of males at ca. 15 cm TL, females at 20 cm TL; birth size at ca. 10 cm TL. It is reported to be locally abundant as many individuals have been collected together in a single trawl (Ref. 114953).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
There are indications that this species is ovovivipar (Ref. 57911).
Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.), 2003. Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2003. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2003. (Ref. 46206)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.3 - 15.6, mean 6.9 °C (based on 37 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00468 - 0.02950), b=2.88 (2.67 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.46 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=1-2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .