Parupeneus insularis, Twosaddle goatfish : gamefish, aquarium

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Parupeneus insularis Randall & Myers, 2002

Twosaddle goatfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Parupeneus insularis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Parupeneus insularis (Twosaddle goatfish)
Parupeneus insularis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Mulliformes (Goatfishes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river;  insularis: Named for its occurrence on oceanic islands of the Pacific ['insularis' = islands].  More on authors: Randall & Myers.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 1 - 80 m (Ref. 89972).   Tropical

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaii, French Polynesia, and Pitcairn Islands to the Marshall, Mariana, Phoenix, and Samoa islands. This species is included in the Parupeneus trifasciatus complex where, Parupeneus trifasciatus is restricted to the Indian Ocean and Parupeneus crassilabris is from eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific, east to Fiji, Tonga, and the Caroline Islands.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 13550); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 1.4 kg (Ref. 4887)

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Occurs on coral reefs and adjacent habitats, generally in less than 30 m (Ref. 45589), but has been recorded to 83 meters (Ref. 54393). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Stomach contents of 12 specimens consist of 44% by volume of crabs; followed by shrimps, octopuses, mantis shrimps, amphipods and other crustaceans, fishes, and polychaetes (Ref. 45589).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Randall, John E. | Medewerkers

Randall, J.E., 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (36):64 p. (Ref. 54393)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.3 - 28.7, mean 26.8 °C (based on 168 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00572 - 0.01917), b=3.10 (2.95 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 43.9 [21.8, 96.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.333 [0.178, 0.702] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [15.2, 21.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.132 [0.073, 0.241] g/100g ; Selenium = 58.7 [26.2, 131.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 280 [44, 1,087] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.575 [0.345, 1.179] mg/100g (wet weight);