Thryssa vitrirostris, Orangemouth anchovy : fisheries, bait

Thryssa vitrirostris (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908)

Orangemouth anchovy
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Thryssa vitrirostris   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Thryssa vitrirostris (Orangemouth anchovy)
Thryssa vitrirostris
Picture by Randall, J.E.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Thryssa: Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Gilchrist & Thompson.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut; payau; kisaran kedalaman 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189).   Tropical; 31°N - 40°S, 20°W - 88°E (Ref. 189)

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: Madagascar; coasts of Africa from Port Alfred northward to the Persian Gulf, but not in the Red Sea; coasts of Pakistan and India, perhaps to Calcutta and off Myanmar, but no records (Ref. 28, 189). Also from lower Zambezi delta in Mozambique (Ref. 39494).

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 5430)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 0; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 13-14; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 34 - 44; vertebrata, bertulang belakang: 43 - 45. Diagnosis: Body compressed, belly with 16-19 pre-pelvic and 8-12 post-pelvic scutes, a total of 24-30 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus; maxilla long, reaching beyond base of first pectoral finray; first supra-maxilla a minute oval; lower gillrakers 18-24, the serrae on the inner edge in distinct clumps in larger fishes; anal fin with 3-4 unbranched rays and 31-40 branched rays; a dark blotch behind upper part of gill opening; inside of gill cavity bright orange (Ref. 189). This species overlaps the range of different other species of Thryssa, of which five have a similar maxilla, very small first supra-maxilla and overlapping gillraker counts; however of these five species, T. gautamiensis, T. malabarica, T. purava and T. whiteheadi all have the tip of the snout at or above the level of the centre of the eye, and the last two, plus T. stenosoma, have at least 38 branched anal finrays (Ref. 189).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

A coastal, pelagic species (Ref. 28, 68964), apparently common along shore and in estuaries (Ref. 5430). Presumably schooling, occurring inshore and entering estuaries and lagoons, perhaps used as nursery areas, but moving further out in rainy seasons when coastal waters are freshened up by rivers (Ref. 189). It feeds on plankton organisms (Ref. 28). May be caught using ringnets (Ref. 5213). Generally marketed fresh, may be salted or dried (Ref. 5284).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 123251)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 09 March 2020

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; umpan: usually
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informasi lanjut

Daerah-daerah FAO
Bahan makanan
Konsumsi makanan
Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Spawning aggregation
pekembangan telor
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Frekuensi alel
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Tipe renang
Area insang
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(genom, Nukleotida) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Pangkalan data nasional | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(pergi, Cari) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 29.3, mean 27.4 °C (based on 294 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00370 - 0.01075), b=3.13 (2.99 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  Tinggi, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum kurang dari 15 bulan (K=0.5).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Medium.