Parupeneus cyclostomus, Gold-saddle goatfish : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Parupeneus cyclostomus (Lacepède, 1801)

Gold-saddle goatfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Parupeneus cyclostomus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Parupeneus cyclostomus (Gold-saddle goatfish)
Parupeneus cyclostomus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes(Gênero, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Mulliformes (Goatfishes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river.  More on author: Lacepède.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas associadas(os) a recifes; não migratória; intervalo de profundidade 2 - 125 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 30°N - 35°S, 35°E - 124°W (Ref. 54393)

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and east coast of Africa south to Durban, South Africa, east to the Hawaiian Islands, islands of French Polynesia and the Pitcairn Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, Japan south to Australia.

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 30573); common length : 35.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 30573); peso máx. publicado: 2.3 kg (Ref. 4887)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 8; Raios dorsais (total): 9; Espinhos anais 1; Raios anais : 7. This species is distinguished by the following characters: pectoral rays 16 (rarely 15 or 17); gill rakers 6-7 + 22-26 = 29-33; body depth 3.25-3.8 in SL (body deeper with growth); head length (HL) 2.85-3.1 in SL; snout long, its length 1.61.8 in HL; eye small, the orbit diameter 5.3-8.95 in HL (SL 118-392 mm); barbels very long, 1.15 in HL to longer than head; longest dorsal spine 1.5-1.7 in HL; penultimate dorsal ray 1.1-1.2 in length of last dorsal ray; pectoral-fin length 1.5-1.7 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.35-1.55 in HL. Colour of large adults yellowish gray, edges of the scales bright blue except ventrally, edges more broadly blue posteriorly; a large, hemispherical, saddle-like, yellow spot covering most of upper half of caudal peduncle; region around eye yellow with radiating short narrow blue bands; caudal fin with longitudinal blue bands; second dorsal and anal fins with narrow oblique blue bands; a second smaller color phase entirely yellow, with dorsal peduncular spot sometimes apparent by being brighter yellow than rest of body (Ref. 54393).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Found on coral (Ref. 58652), rocky, or rubble bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs (Ref. 3921). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Juveniles form schools, adults usually solitary. Feed primarily on small fishes, crustaceans, peanut worms, shrimps, crabs, octopi, and small gastropods during the day (Ref. 3921). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Randall, John E. | Colaboradores

Randall, J.E., 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (36):64 p. (Ref. 54393)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 123251)

  Segura ou pouco preocupante (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690)





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: espécies comerciais; peixe esportivo: sim; Aquário: Espécies comerciais
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Nomes comuns
Sinônimos
Metabolismo
Predadores
Ecotoxicologia
Reprodução
Maturidade
Desova
Agregação de desova
Fecundidade
Ovos
Desenvolvimento dos ovos
Idade/Tamanho
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Peso-comprimento
Comprimento-comprimento
Frequências de comprimento
Morfometria
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Dinâmica larval
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.5 - 29, mean 27.8 °C (based on 1578 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00810 - 0.02246), b=3.10 (2.96 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 26.8 [13.1, 57.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.312 [0.157, 0.652] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [15.2, 21.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.137 [0.074, 0.261] g/100g ; Selenium = 65 [27, 147] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 460 [70, 2,019] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.418 [0.245, 0.858] mg/100g (wet weight);