分類 / Names
俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(屬, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Cypriniformes
(Carps) 鯉形目 (Carps)
(Longfin loaches) 鰍科 (Longfin loaches)
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水 底中水層性; 非遷移的. 溫帶
Europe: Danube basin, upper Elbe and Odra drainages (Ref. 59043). Argeşel River in Romania (Ref. 13696).
歐洲: 多瑙河流域， Argesel 河。
大小 / 重量 / 年齡
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.6 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 85455); 13.0 cm SL (female); 最大年齡: 5 年 (Ref. 59043)
型態特徵 | 形態測量圖
One lamina circularis. Presence of one black spot on upper caudal base about the size of eye or pupil, and oval or round. Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): zone Z3 usually wider than zone Z2; zones Z2 and Z3 reaching beyond dorsal base.
Adults are found in flowing or still waters from small brooks to large rivers, springs, lakes and oxbows on sand, silt or mud bottom (Ref. 59043). Usually found together with hybridogenous, sperm-parasitic lineages, which have originated by hybridisation with C. taenia and C. tanaitica. Oviparous, possibly with distinct pairing during breeding similar to congeners (Ref. 205). Spawning period occurs from April to July in aquatic vegetation (Ref. 59043). Distinguished from C. vardarensis and C. pontica only by chromosome characters. They cannot be distinguished in the field. (Ref. 59043).
成魚被發現於河。 卵生的, 可能有明顯的成對在繁殖的時候類似同類.(參考文獻 205)
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | 卵 | 孕卵數 | 仔魚
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).歐洲: 多瑙河流域， Argesel 河。
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.聲音神經毒速度泳型鰓區Otoliths腦重體重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00292 - 0.00988), b=3.06 (2.91 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
營養階層 (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 1.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tmax=5; Assumed Fec < 10,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .