Pentapodus setosus, Butterfly whiptail : fisheries

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Pentapodus setosus (Valenciennes, 1830)

Butterfly whiptail
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pentapodus setosus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pentapodus setosus (Butterfly whiptail)
Pentapodus setosus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Nemipteridae (Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Pentapodus: Greek, pente = five + Greek, pous = feet (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 5 - 50 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 20°N - 12°S, 97°E - 135°E (Ref. 3810)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific: Philippines, South China Sea, Singapore, and Indonesia.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 48635); common length : 15.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3810)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 10; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 9; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 7. Head scales reaching forward to between level of anterior margin of eyes and posterior nostrils. Suborbital naked. Lower limb of preopercle naked. Pelvic fins short, not reaching level of anus. Axillary scale present. Color: Pale brownish on back, lower part of body whitish. Presence of two bluish stripes across snout, first from middle of eye to tip of snout, second from upper lip to lower margin of eye. Top of snout dusky.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found in silty coastal bays to deep muddy habitats offshore. Swims on open substrate adjacent to reefs, usually in small aggregations. Often with large bottom feeders such as stingrays to catch disturbed prey (Ref. 48635). Juveniles found close to reefs. Feeds on small crustaceans. Also taken by bamboo stake trap in Thailand. Used also in fish balls, fried and as duck food. Not much appreciated for food, and low priced.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet Quellen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 27.7 - 29.2, mean 28.7 °C (based on 588 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00800 - 0.02494), b=2.97 (2.82 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 88.1 [51.6, 179.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.767 [0.413, 1.346] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [17, 21] % ; Omega3 = 0.163 [0.093, 0.287] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.3 [17.6, 57.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 76.5 [19.7, 217.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.45 [0.90, 2.19] mg/100g (wet weight);