Cobitis puncticulata, Spotted spined loach

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Cobitis puncticulata Erk'akan, Atalay-Ekmekçi & Nalbant, 1998

Spotted spined loach
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drawing shows typical species in Cobitidae.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cypriniformes (Carps) 鯉形目 (Carps) > Cobitidae (Longfin loaches) 鰍科 (Longfin loaches)
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335);  puncticulata: puncticula latin noun (or adjective?) meaning small sting, dot, or freckle, an allusion to its pigmentation consiting of small dots.  More on authors: Erk'akan, Atalay-Ekmekçi & Nalbant.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性.   溫帶

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: Lower Maritza drainage in Greece. Lakes Manyas and Ulubat drainages in Turkey. Most likey have a wider distribution (Ref. 59043).
亞洲: 土耳其。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.2 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 41095); 7.8 cm SL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 3; 背的軟條 (總數): 6; 臀棘 2; 臀鰭軟條: 5. Body relatively high, head small, eyes placed in anterior part. Unusual color pattern, consists of small dark-gray dots, throughout body and head. Mouth slightly arched with three pairs of long barbels. Lips finely furrowed. Mental lobes developed, with pointed tips. Appears unique in its morphological features. Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): blotches of zone Z2 and Z4 very small, indistinct or confluent; flank pigmented below zone Z4. One lamina circularis (Ref. 59043).
身體相當高的, 頭部小的, 眼放在前部之內了。 在身體與頭部各處,罕見的彩色斑紋,由小的深灰色點組成。 嘴些微弓形具有三對長的觸鬚。 唇細地犁了。 神經葉發展, 有尖的頂端。 在它的形態學特徵中顯得很獨特。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in streams with still to moderately flowing clear water and mud bottom (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, possibly with distinct pairing during breeding similar to congeners (Ref. 205).

發現於 Manyas(Kus) 湖.。 卵生的, 可能有明顯的成對在繁殖的時候類似同類.(參考文獻 205)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).亞洲: 土耳其。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Erk'akan, F., F.G. Atalay-Ekmekçi and T.T. Nalbant, 1998. Four new species and one new subspecies of the genus Cobitis (Pisces: Ostariophysi: Cobitidae) from Turkey. Turk. J. Zool. 22:9-15. (Ref. 41095)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  瀕危 (EN) (B2ab(iii)); Date assessed: 30 October 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00246 - 0.01227), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .