Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Uropterygiinae
Etymology: Anarchias: Greek, anarchia, -as = without a chief, lack of authority (Ref. 45335). More on author: Snyder.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 51 m (Ref. 58302), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Western Pacific: Great Barrier Reef (Ref. 2334). Eastern Pacific: Hawaiian, Marquesas and Johnston Islands. Western Central Pacific: Guam (Ref. 35720).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35990)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 106 - 112. Coloration highly variable; ground color medium reddish brown, covered with brown spots and aggregations of darker spots, superimposed with discrete small white spots.
A benthic species (Ref. 58302) found in coral reefs (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Böhlke, E.B. and J.E. Randall, 2000. A review of the moray eels (Anguilliformes: Muraenidae) of the Hawaiian Islands, with descriptions of two new species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 150:203-278. (Ref. 35990)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 28.6, mean 27.4 °C (based on 162 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00071 (0.00034 - 0.00147), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 116 [52, 253] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.15 [0.63, 2.18] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.2 [17.7, 22.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.255 [0.107, 0.710] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.5 [6.7, 36.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 72.7 [16.9, 310.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.28 [0.80, 2.08] mg/100g (wet weight);