Priacanthus hamrur, Moontail bullseye : fisheries, aquarium

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Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål, 1775)

Moontail bullseye
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Priacanthus hamrur   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Priacanthus hamrur (Moontail bullseye)
Priacanthus hamrur
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Priacanthidae (Bigeyes or catalufas)
Etymology: Priacanthus: Greek, prion = saw + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 8 - 250 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 36°N - 36°S, 24°E - 109°W

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and southern Africa to French Polynesia, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. Reported from Easter Island (Ref. 33390).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 22.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 4328); common length : 40.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5450)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 10; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 13-15; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 13 - 16. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body depth 2.5-2.9 in SL; poorly developed preopercular spine, reduced or inconspicuous to non-existent in adults (> 12.5 cm TL); total gill rakers in first gill arch 24-26; soft portion of dorsal fin taller than spinous portion, angular posteriorly; pectoral fins shorter than pelvic spine; pelvic fins long, reaching posterior to spinous portion of anal fin; distinctly emarginate caudal fin; scales modified, the posterior field elevated as a separate flange with spinules both on surface and posterior margin; vertical scale rows (dorsal-fin origin to anus) 48-57; swimbladder with pair of anterior and posterior protrusions. Colour of body entirely red or capable of quickly changing to silvery with about 6 red bars or large spots on upper side (dusky spots evident on dorsal and anal fin in blotchy or barred fish); membranes of caudal and pelvic fins blackish distally (Ref. 54980, 68288, 90102).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Uncommon species found in outer reef slopes and deep lagoon pinnacles from 8 to at least 80 m. In small aggregations, sometimes schools in oceanic locations (Ref. 48635). Also found under ledges or hovering next to coral heads during day (Ref 90102). Feeds on small fish, crustaceans, and other small invertebrates (Ref. 5213). Occasionally taken in moderate numbers in trawls and by hook-and-line (Ref. 68288). Generally marketed fresh, may be salted or dried (Ref. 5284).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Starnes, W.C., 1988. Revision, phylogeny and biogeographic comments on the circumtropical marine percoid fish family Priacanthidae. Bull. Mar. Sci. 43(2):117-203. (Ref. 5403)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 March 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: van minder commercieel belang; Aquarium: Commercieel
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.1 - 28.2, mean 26.2 °C (based on 1065 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.01246 - 0.02539), b=2.88 (2.78 - 2.98), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (K=0.5-0.7; Fec=13,133).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 53.3 [31.6, 86.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.624 [0.409, 1.032] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [18.4, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.129 [0.084, 0.193] g/100g ; Selenium = 37.5 [21.4, 68.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 31.5 [10.2, 94.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.998 [0.685, 1.444] mg/100g (wet weight);