Thalassoma lunare, Moon wrasse : fisheries, aquarium

Thalassoma lunare (Linnaeus 1758)

Moon wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Thalassoma lunare   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Thalassoma lunare (Moon wrasse)
Thalassoma lunare
Male picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc () > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Thalassoma: Greek, thalassa = the sea + Greek, soma = body; the colour of the sea (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas associadas(os) a recifes; intervalo de profundidade 1 - 20 m (Ref. 9823), usually 1 - 20 m (Ref. 27115).   Subtropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 32°N - 36°S, 24°E - 136°W

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 4392) to the Line Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island and northern New Zealand (Ref. 1602). Reported to have formed a hybrid with Thalassoma rueppellii (Ref. 41655).

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 5450)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 8; Raios dorsais (total): 13; Espinhos anais 3; Raios anais : 11. Adults are identified by the yellow lunate tail. Large males turn blue on the head that grades to green towards the tail (Ref. 48636). Body dark green to blue with vertical red to purplish red lines. Head green to blue with irregular pink to violet bands. Adults with large yellow crescent posteriorly in caudal fin and blue pectoral fins with a large elongate pink area distally. Juveniles with a large dark spot in middle of dorsal fin and a large diffuse black spot at base of caudal fin (Ref 9823).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Occurs solitary or in groups (Ref. 90102) in the upper portions of lagoon and coastal reefs, and in protected seaward reefs (Ref. 1602). Enters estuaries (Ref. 48636). Usually found on upper portions of ledges and heads (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on small benthic invertebrates and fish eggs (Ref. 9823). A protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 55367).

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

A diandric species (Ref. 55367). Length at sex change = 11.0 cm TL, forms leks during breeding (Ref. 55367).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Westneat, Mark | Colaboradores

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 123251)

  Segura ou pouco preocupante (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 June 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Harmless





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: pouco comercial; Aquário: Espécies comerciais
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 29, mean 28 °C (based on 1296 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00817 - 0.01941), b=2.96 (2.84 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 5.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Very high.