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Hemigymnus melapterus (Bloch, 1791)

Blackeye thicklip
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Hemigymnus melapterus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes(род, виды) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Hemigymnus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gymnos = naked (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range экология

морской ассоциированный с рифами; пределы глубины 1 - 30 m (Ref. 9710), usually 5 - 30 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 30°N - 36°S, 24°E - 138°W

распространение страны | регионы FAO | Ecosystems | места находок | Point map | интродукции | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Rde Sea, East Africa to Samoa; north to Ryukyu Is.; south to Australia.

Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.6 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 125598); наибольший вес (опубликованные данные): 1.3 kg (Ref. 125598)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

колючие лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 9; членистые (мягкие) лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 10-11; колючие лучи анального плавника 3; членистые (мягкие) лучи анального плавника: 11. This species is distinguished by the following characters: gill rakers 26-29; small juveniles dark brown, green on snout and interorbital, with a slightly oblique white bar from front of dorsal fin to abdomen, and 2 narrow pale yellowish bars below soft portion of dorsal fin that fade ventrally; larger juveniles have a white bar from origin of dorsal fin, passing beneath pectoral fin onto abdomen; head and body anterior to bar greyish green, posterior to bar black; posterior caudal peduncle and caudal fin yellow, often with 1 or 2 small black spots centrally near base: small females with body posterior to a curving demarcation between origins of dorsal and anal fins blackish with a narrow dark greenish bar on each scale, grading to yellow with blue-green spots posteriorly on caudal peduncle and fin; large females dark green posterior to oblique demarcation on body, the scales rimmed in black, with a vertical green line or spot on each scale; head and anterior body light green dorsally, pale blue-green ventrally, have irregular bands on snout and above eye, and a large complex marking behind eye; body of males posterior to demarcation dark green, each scale with narrow pale blue-green and black posterior margin; head green dorsally with irregular green to blue-green bands, including a blue ring around eye; cheek and operculum pinkish white with irregular light blue lines and spots, except for a large yellowish green blotch centrally on cheek without markings; lips and ventral part of head mainly pale blue; chest and abdomen pinkish white with a light blue spot or arc on scales (Ref. 93095).

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

Found in subtidal reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs. Juveniles occur inshore, found among branching corals while adults found in areas of mixed sand, rubble, and coral (Ref. 9710). Large adults in deeper water (Ref. 48636). Maximum length beyond 45 cm TL is unlikely, with largest measured individual at 37 cm TL (Ref, Feeds mainly on small invertebrates, especially crustaceans, polychaete worms, mollusks and brittle stars (Ref. 9823). Diet changing from primarily demersal planktonic crustaceans to hard-shelled invertebrates with growth (Ref. 37816).

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор : Westneat, Mark | соавторы

Randall, J.E., 2013. Review of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Hemigymnus. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 6:2-18. (Ref. 93095)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Harmless





Использование человеком

рыболовство: не имеет хозяйственного значения; объект спортивного рыболовства: да; аквариум: коммерческий
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

дополнительная информация

народные названия
синонимы
обмен веществ
хищники
экотоксикология
размножение
половая зрелость
нерест
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
икра
Развитие икры
ссылки
аквакультура (рыбоводство)
особенности рыбоводства
степень растяжения
генетика
частоты аллелей
наследуемость
болезни
обработка
Nutrients
Mass conversion
соавторы
изображения
Stamps, Coins Misc.
звуки
Ciguatera
скорость
тип плавания
жаберная область
Otoliths
мозг
зрение

инструменты

Специальные отчеты

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 24.6 - 29, mean 27.8 °C (based on 1006 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00802 - 0.02069), b=3.06 (2.92 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.45 se; based on food items.
устойчивость к внешним воздействиям (Ref. 120179):  средний (среднего размера), минимальное время удвоения популяции 1.4-4.4 года (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100).
Категория цены (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 34.9 [14.3, 94.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.535 [0.301, 0.910] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [15.9, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.16 [0.08, 0.32] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.5 [11.6, 85.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 109 [37, 341] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.52 [0.92, 4.72] mg/100g (wet weight);