Trachurus capensis, Cape horse mackerel : fisheries

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Trachurus capensis Castelnau, 1861

Cape horse mackerel
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Trachurus capensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Trachurus capensis
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Carangiformes (Jacks) 鱸形目 (Jacks) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Trachurus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Castelnau.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 深度上下限 0 - 500 m (Ref. 54925), usually 100 - 300 m (Ref. 54925). 亚热带的; 7°N - 37°S, 4°E - 24°E (Ref. 54925)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Gulf of Guinea to South Africa. Bianchi et. al. 1993 notes 'Smith-Vaniz (1992, pers. comm.) does not believe that Trachurus capensis is a valid species but admits that an adequate series of this species along the coast of Africa are not available'.
东大西洋: 几内亚湾到南非。 Bianchi et。 al。 1993个附注 '史密斯-Vaniz(1992, pers. comm.) 不会相信 南非竹筴鱼〔Trachurus capensis〕 是一个有效种种但是承认适当的数列这种沿着非洲的海岸不是有用的'.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 32.5, range 20 - 33 cm
Max length : 60.0 cm FL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3166); common length : 30.0 cm FL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3166)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are found mainly over the continental shelf, often over sand bottoms (Ref. 27121). Shoals rise to feed in surface waters at night and found close to the bottom during the day (Ref. 27121). Juveniles feed mainly on copepods while adults prey on fish and a wide range of invertebrates (Ref. 27121).

主要地遍及大陆架, 时常在砂质底部上面.(参考文献 27121) 鱼群上升在水表面中觅食在晚上而且发现接近底部在白天期间.(参考文献 27121) 稚鱼主要捕食桡脚类的动物虽然成鱼捕食鱼与宽范围的无脊椎动物。 (参考文献 27121)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

东大西洋: 几内亚湾到南非。 Bianchi et。 al。 1993个附注 '史密斯-Vaniz(1992, pers. comm.) 不会相信 南非竹筴鱼〔Trachurus capensis〕 是一个有效种种但是承认适当的数列这种沿着非洲的海岸不是有用的'.

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | 合作者

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., J.-C. Quéro and M. Desoutter, 1990. Carangidae. p. 729-755. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7097)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 17 July 2017

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 高经济性
FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.2 - 15.2, mean 11.2 °C (based on 76 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00623 - 0.01681), b=2.94 (2.80 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 7.8 (2.6 - 10.0) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 10 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.11-0.42; tm=2).
Prior r = 0.48, 95% CL = 0.32 - 0.72, Based on 5 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (60 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 190 [127, 278] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.89 [2.48, 5.98] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [19.2, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.351 [0.257, 0.475] g/100g ; Selenium = 30.3 [22.5, 42.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 15.9 [4.4, 56.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.78 [1.39, 2.33] mg/100g (wet weight);