Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Africa: only known from the upper course of Yewa River between Meka and Ilara in Nigeria (Ref. 2801). Also Ref. 2940, 81282.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2801)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Diagnosis: last simple dorsal-fin ray smooth on hind margin; scale formula 3.5/22-25/4.5-5.5; 3-3.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin base; 4-6 anterior scales pored; 10 scales around caudal peduncle; lateral-line scales without particular colour pattern; 8 branched dorsal fin rays; no barbels; lateral line incomplete, straight; maximum reported size 30 mm SL; small spot at end of caudal peduncle (Ref. 2940, 81282).
Affinities: superficially similar to B. salessei (complete lateral line, without barbel); B. clauseni is also related to B. sylvaticus, the latter having only 8 scales around the caudal peduncle and no pored scales in the lateral line; the distance between the type localities of these two species is only 100 km (Ref. 2940). Maximum TL was recorded at 4.2 cm (Ref. 2801).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lévêque, C., 1990. Cyprinidae. p. 269-361. In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Tome I. Coll. Faune Tropicale n° XXVIII. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, and O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, 384 p. (Ref. 2940)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00558 - 0.02710), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .