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Gramma loreto Poey, 1868

Royal gramma
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Gramma loreto   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gramma loreto (Royal gramma)
Gramma loreto
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Ovalentaria/misc (Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Grammatidae (Basslets)
Etymology: Gramma: Greek, gramma, atos = signal, mark (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Poey.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

seewasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 1 - 60 m (Ref. 9710), usually 1 - 40 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: Bermuda, Bahamas, and Central America to northern South America.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 7251)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 12; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 10. Bicolored: purple (appearing blue underwater) in front, bight orange-yellow behind (Ref. 26938).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Often found in caves or under ledges. Swim with belly toward substratum, thus under ledges seen upside down. Feed on ectoparasites of other fishes (Ref. 5521). Males show various types of nest care behavior (Ref. 35580). Retreat into recesses when alarmed (Ref. 9710). Have been reared in captivity (Ref. 35420).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Mouthbrooding in this specimen has not been supported by any evidence (Ref. 35580). Prior to spawning, some males established nest sites, using small holes and crevices in the substratum. Females traveled to male nests for egg deposition around dawn. Eggs deposited within the nests were tended by males that established the nests. Males display four types of nest care behaviour: guarding, nest maintenance, detritus clearing,and simple nest entering (Ref. 35580).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Asoh, K. and T. Yoshikawa, 1996. Nesting behavior, male parental care, and embryonic development in the fairy basslet, Gramma loreto. Copeia 1996(1):1-8. (Ref. 35580)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 125652)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 21 March 2011

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Öffentliche Aquarien | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 25.1 - 28, mean 27.1 °C (based on 436 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5313   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 115 [67, 227] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.769 [0.442, 1.237] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.9, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.178 [0.112, 0.282] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.1 [12.1, 41.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 196 [70, 535] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.88 [1.29, 2.71] mg/100g (wet weight);