Kuhlia sandvicensis, Hawaiian flagtail : gamefish, aquarium

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Kuhlia sandvicensis (Steindachner, 1876)

Hawaiian flagtail
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Kuhlia sandvicensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Kuhlia sandvicensis (Hawaiian flagtail)
Kuhlia sandvicensis
Picture by Cook, D.C.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Centrarchiformes (Basses) > Kuhliidae (Aholeholes)
Etymology: Kuhlia: Because of Heindrich Kuhl, 1797-1821; researcher also with lizards (Gekkonidae).
More on author: Steindachner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水 底中水层性; 非产卵性溯降河的; 深度上下限 0 - 20 m (Ref. 89972). 熱帶; 35°N - 60°S, 137°E - 128°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: widely distributed around oceanic islands.
太平洋: 廣泛地大洋性島嶼的周圍分佈了。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 89972)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 10; 背的软条 (总数): 11-12; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 11 - 12. Preorbital serrae 10-20; body depth 2.6-2.9 in SL; dorsal profile of head nearly straight; eye not very large, orbit diameter 3.0-3.45 in head length; caudal concavity 1.45-1.7 in head length; third anal fin spine longer than second; pelvic fin spine 2.3-2.9 in head length. Silvery with a coarse silver and black reticulum dorsally on head; posterior edge of caudal fin blackish (Ref. 41640).
眶前骨锯齿 10-20; 体高 2.6-2.9 分之一标准体长; 头部的背面轮廓几乎是直的; 眼不是很大, 眼窝直径 3.0-3.45 分之一头长; 尾部的凹洼 1.45-1.7 分之一头长; 第三根臀鳍棘长度超过第二个; 腹鳍棘 2.3-2.9 分之一头长。 银色的有一个粗糙的银色而黑色的网状质在头部背面上; 尾鳍的后缘黑色的.(参考文献 41640)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Length at maturity about 18 cm. Taken with hook and line using bread or shrimp for bait (Ref. 44091). A native Hawaiian fish found in both marine and freshwater habitats. Feeds on fishes, invertebrates, and insects. Sr/Ca profiles from otoliths of juvenile and adult fish from fresh and salt water indicated that use of stream habitats by this species is facultative (Ref. 51353).

长度成熟时大约 18 公分。 用使用面包或虾作为饵料生物的一支钓采集了。 (参考文献 44091) 被发现的一个原生的夏威夷鱼在海洋与淡水栖息地中。 吃鱼,无脊椎动物与昆虫。 来自淡水与咸水的来自稚鱼与成鱼的耳石的 Sr/Ca 轮廓指出了这一个种的水流栖息地的使用是官能性。 (参考文献 51353)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

太平洋: 廣泛地大洋性島嶼的周圍分佈了。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Randall, J.E. and H.A. Randall, 2001. Review of the fishes of the genus Kuhlia (Perciformes: Kuhliidae) of the Central Pacific. Pac. Sci. 55(3):227-256. (Ref. 41640)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  不评价 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的 (Ref. 4887)





人类利用

游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多信息

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生态毒物学
繁殖
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产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
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形态测量图
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声音
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Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 24.7 - 28.9, mean 27.4 °C (based on 579 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.00973 - 0.03907), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.56 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 3.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=0.33).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 209 [116, 341] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.995 [0.563, 1.700] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.2 [16.3, 18.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.529 [0.259, 1.111] g/100g ; Selenium = 46.7 [22.6, 105.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 57 [23, 152] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.79 [1.25, 2.56] mg/100g (wet weight);