Promethichthys prometheus, Roudi escolar : fisheries, gamefish, bait

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Promethichthys prometheus (Cuvier, 1832)

Roudi escolar
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Promethichthys prometheus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Promethichthys prometheus (Roudi escolar)
Promethichthys prometheus
Female picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Scombriformes (Mackerels) > Gempylidae (Snake mackerels)
  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin benthopélagique; océanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 80 - 800 m (Ref. 2683), usually 300 - 400 m (Ref. 5217).   Subtropical; 50°N - 36°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Tropical and warm temperate waters of all oceans, but absent from eastern Pacific except at Sala y Gomez Ridge.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 47.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 6181); common length : 40.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3403)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 18 - 20; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 17-20; Épines anales 2-3; Rayons mous anaux: 15 - 17. Body moderately elongate. Mouth with fang-like teeth. Spinescent gill rakers on the first arch with 1 - 3 cusps and many small spines; the angular raker long and triple-rooted. Body entirely scaled at over 20 - 25 cm SL. Pyloric caeca 7 or 8. Color is grayish to copper brown; fins blackish at over 40 cm SL, yellowish with black tips in smaller specimens (the first dorsal fin with a black blotch on two anteriormost membranes); the buccal and branchial cavities are black. Pelvic fin reduced to one spine that becomes entirely absent in specimens more than 40 cm SL.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found at continental slopes, around oceanic islands and submarine rises (Ref. 6181). Meso-benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Migrate to midwater at night (Ref. 6181). Feed on fish, cephalopods and crustaceans (Ref. 6181). Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6766).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Probably spawns throughout the year in warmer seas.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Parin, Nikolay V. | Collaborateurs

Nakamura, I. and N.V. Parin, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 15. Snake mackerels and cutlassfishes of the world (families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the snake mackerels, snoeks, escolars, gemfishes, sackfishes, domine, oilfish, cutlassfishes,. scabbardfishes, hairtails, and frostfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(15):136 p. (Ref. 6181)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 22 August 2012

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 31637)





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: pêcheries vivrières; pêche sportive: oui; appât: usually
FAO - pêcheries: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Pays
Zones FAO
Écosystèmes
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Écologie
Régime alimentaire
Éléments du régime alimentaire
Consommation alimentaire
Ration
Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - pêcheries: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de données nationales | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.6 - 16.5, mean 11.1 °C (based on 329 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00227 - 0.00581), b=3.05 (2.91 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 6.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.17-0.18; tm=4).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (57 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 56.9 [29.9, 109.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.743 [0.418, 1.426] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [15.9, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.235 [0.143, 0.378] g/100g ; Selenium = 39.4 [19.2, 78.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 14.3 [4.9, 40.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.737 [0.521, 1.058] mg/100g (wet weight);