Citharichthys stampflii, Smooth flounder : fisheries

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Citharichthys stampflii (Steindachner, 1894)

Smooth flounder
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Citharichthys stampflii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Citharichthys stampflii
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cyclopsettidae (Sand whiffs)
Etymology: Citharichthys: Latin, cithara = lire like instrument + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Steindachner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 深度上下限 0 - 50 m (Ref. 2683).   热带; 18°N - 17°S, 27°W - 20°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola (Ref. 5979, 81290, 81683). Also reported from Mauritania (Ref. 55783).
东大西洋: 塞内加尔到安哥拉。 记录来自毛里塔尼亚了。 (参考文献 55783)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 81683)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 80-87; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 59 - 65. Diagnosis: body oval, its depth 45-50% SL (Ref. 81290, 81683). Head length 27-31% SL; eye diameter 16-23% HL; teeth in a single row on upper as well as lower jaw, no caniniform teeth (Ref. 81683). Interorbital space narrow and slightly concave (Ref. 81290, 81683). Hind end of maxilla extending to below centre of eye (Ref. 81290, 81683) but never posterior to posterior edge of pupil (Ref. 81683). Fin base length of both pelvic fins short and of about equal length (Ref. 81683). Body covered with cycloid or weakly ctenoid scales (Ref. 81290, 81683). Gill rakers moderately long and slender (Ref. 81290, 81683), about 2/3-3/4 length of gill filaments at angle of gill arch (Ref. 81683). Coloration: eyed side yellowish brown with dark spots along dorsal and anal fins; dark brown spot at base of caudal fin, as well as on upper and lower caudal fin rays; dorsal and anal fins with a series of dark brown spots; blind side entirely whitish (Ref. 81620, 81683).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in coastal waters (Ref. 2683, 81290) and brackish water of estuaries and lagoons (Ref. 81290, 81683), also ascending rivers (Ref. 81683) and entering freshwater (Ref. 2683). Feeds on fish, shrimps and crabs (Ref. 28587).

出现于沿岸水域与河口。 进入淡水。 (参考文献 2683) 吃鱼,虾与螃蟹。 (参考文献 28587)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Oviparous (Ref. 101737). Females produce numerous eggs in multiple spawnings during a prolonged spawning period (Ref. 101737).东大西洋: 塞内加尔到安哥拉。 记录来自毛里塔尼亚了。 (参考文献 55783)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Aldebert, Y., M. Desoutter and J.-C. Quéro, 1990. Bothidae. p. 1027-1036. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 5979)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 January 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.7 - 28, mean 26.7 °C (based on 66 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00335 - 0.01717), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.67 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 400 [180, 881] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.34 [0.74, 2.70] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.9 [13.8, 18.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.4 [0.2, 1.0] g/100g ; Selenium = 50.5 [17.4, 137.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 21.3 [5.3, 79.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.46 [0.93, 2.24] mg/100g (wet weight);