Citharichthys stampflii, Smooth flounder : fisheries

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Citharichthys stampflii (Steindachner, 1894)

Smooth flounder
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Citharichthys stampflii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Citharichthys stampflii
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cyclopsettidae (Sand whiffs)
Etymology: Citharichthys: Latin, cithara = lire like instrument + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Steindachner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 淡水; 半鹹淡水 居於水底的; 深度上下限 0 - 50 m (Ref. 2683).   熱帶; 18°N - 17°S, 27°W - 20°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola (Ref. 5979, 81290, 81683). Also reported from Mauritania (Ref. 55783).
東大西洋: 塞內加爾到安哥拉。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 81683)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 80-87; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 59 - 65. Diagnosis: body oval, its depth 45-50% SL (Ref. 81290, 81683). Head length 27-31% SL; eye diameter 16-23% HL; teeth in a single row on upper as well as lower jaw, no caniniform teeth (Ref. 81683). Interorbital space narrow and slightly concave (Ref. 81290, 81683). Hind end of maxilla extending to below centre of eye (Ref. 81290, 81683) but never posterior to posterior edge of pupil (Ref. 81683). Fin base length of both pelvic fins short and of about equal length (Ref. 81683). Body covered with cycloid or weakly ctenoid scales (Ref. 81290, 81683). Gill rakers moderately long and slender (Ref. 81290, 81683), about 2/3-3/4 length of gill filaments at angle of gill arch (Ref. 81683). Coloration: eyed side yellowish brown with dark spots along dorsal and anal fins; dark brown spot at base of caudal fin, as well as on upper and lower caudal fin rays; dorsal and anal fins with a series of dark brown spots; blind side entirely whitish (Ref. 81620, 81683).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in coastal waters (Ref. 2683, 81290) and brackish water of estuaries and lagoons (Ref. 81290, 81683), also ascending rivers (Ref. 81683) and entering freshwater (Ref. 2683). Feeds on fish, shrimps and crabs (Ref. 28587).

出現於沿岸水域與河口。 進入淡水。 (參考文獻 2683) 吃魚,蝦與螃蟹。 (參考文獻 28587)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Oviparous (Ref. 101737). Females produce numerous eggs in multiple spawnings during a prolonged spawning period (Ref. 101737).東大西洋: 塞內加爾到安哥拉。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Aldebert, Y., M. Desoutter and J.-C. Quéro, 1990. Bothidae. p. 1027-1036. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 5979)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 January 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.7 - 28, mean 26.7 °C (based on 66 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00335 - 0.01717), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.67 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 400 [180, 881] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.34 [0.74, 2.70] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.9 [13.8, 18.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.4 [0.2, 1.0] g/100g ; Selenium = 50.5 [17.4, 137.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 21.3 [5.3, 79.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.46 [0.93, 2.24] mg/100g (wet weight);