分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Pampus cinereus is considered a valid species according to Liu et al., 2013 (Ref. 95516) and P. liuorum Liu & Li, 2013 (Ref. 95101) is a junior synonym of Pampus cinereus according to Yin et al., 2019 (Ref. 123875).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海 底生の漂泳性; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 5 - 110 m (Ref. 12260), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 46°N - 10°S, 47°E - 142°E
Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf to Indonesia, north to Hokkaido, Japan. Extralimital captures have been made from the Adriatic and off Hawaii. Not recorded from Australasia. Northeastern Atlantic: 3 reports of capture reported from this area (Ref. 86350).
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm 25.3, range 18 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 9811); common length : 30.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 9811); 最大記録サイズ: 7 年 (Ref. 45538)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 37-43; 脊つい: 34 - 37. Body firm, very deep, oval, and compressed. Operculum absent; gill opening reduced to a vertical slit on the side of the body; gill membrane broadly united to isthmus. Dorsal and anal fins preceded by a series of 5 to 10 blade-like spines with anterior and posterior points. Pelvic fins absent. Caudal fin deeply forked, the lower lobe longer than the upper. Color is gray above grading to silvery white towards the belly, with small black dots all over the body. Fins are faintly yellow; vertical fins with dark edges.
Inshore species, usually in schools over muddy bottoms, associated with fish species like Nemipterus and Leiognathus. Adults feed on ctenophores, salps, medusae, and other zooplankton groups. Western populations spawn from late winter through the summer with peaks from April to June. Sold fresh in local markets or shipped frozen to urban centers. Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Haedrich, R.L., 1984. Stromateidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 4. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3517)
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.9 - 29.1, mean 28.1 °C (based on 1636 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.01516 - 0.02625), b=3.00 (2.92 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.24-0.26; tmax=7; Fec=5,470).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 9 stock assessments.
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 36.5 [15.1, 106.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.487 [0.260, 0.965] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [17.0, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.289 [0.174, 0.474] g/100g ; Selenium = 76.2 [23.5, 245.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.31 [2.01, 20.94] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.526 [0.320, 0.878] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.