Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Pethia: Pethia is the generic vernacular name for small cyprinids in Sinhala..
More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 7.0; dH range: ? - 10. Subtropical; 18°C - 22°C (Ref. 1672)
Asia: Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. Widely transported around the world and quite popular with aquarists.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1479); max. published weight: 0.63 g (Ref. 126021)
soft rays: 8. This species can be diagnosed from all congeners by the combination of the following characters: lateral line incomplete, with 3-4 pored scales; 21-22 + 1 scales in lateral series, ½4/1/2½ scales in transverse line on body; 8 predorsal scales; last unbranched dorsal-fin ray thick, straight, serrated, with 20-25 serrae on posterior margin; barbels absent; a broad black band around the caudal peduncle covering scales 19-21 in the longitudinal series. Three diffuse black blotches on the body, first behind opercle, second below dorsal-fin origin, third above anal-fin origin. Black spot at base and origins of dorsal, anal and pelvic fins (Ref. 94011).
Occurs in rivers and standing water over silt and mud (Ref. 41236). Feeds on small crustaceans and insects (Ref. 7020).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
The fish spawn in shallow water (15cm).
Pethiyagoda, R., M. Meegaskumbura and K. Maduwage, 2012. A synopsis of the South Asian fishes referred to Puntius (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 23(1):69-95. (Ref. 91036)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00590 - 0.01857), b=2.98 (2.83 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).