分類 / Names
俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(屬, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) 鱸形目 (Oceanic basses)
(Sweepers) 單鰭魚科 (Sweepers)
Etymology: Pempheris: Greek, pempheris = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335); adspersa: Name from Latin 'sparsus' meaning sprinkled or strewn, referring to the small pigment spots observed on preserved specimens.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 0 - 70 m (Ref. 88976). 溫帶
Southwest Pacific: endemic to New Zealand.
大小 / 重量 / 年齡
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.8 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 88976)
背棘 (總數): 5 - 6; 背的軟條 (總數): 10-12; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 29 - 35. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: some interorbital scales are cycloid; usually 3 or more predorsal scales cycloid, often forming a mesial line of cycloid scales; axillary scale absent; 56-68 lateral-line scales, rarely more than 66; 18-24 scales below lateral line, rarely more than 22; 29-35 anal fin rays; ratio of preanal length to anal-fin base length 1.19-1.55; ratio of pelvic-fin origin to anal-fin origin to anal-fin base length 0.38-0.59; anterior light organ associated with pyloric caeca absent (Ref. 88976).
Nocturnal, retreats to large surge pools or channels open to the sea during the day and usually under overhangs or ledges in small schools. Juveniles occur amongst weed along rocky shores in late summer. Feeds on plankton and benthic organisms (Ref. 26966). Adult diet observed consists of amphipods (45%), mysids (20%), polychaetes (20%), isopods (7%), and crab larvae and ostracods (8%) which are taken out of the water column c. 4-5 m from the bottom. Juveniles that are less than 40 mm are diurnal feeders, mostly feeding on small copepods. Some groups were observed to enter rivers by night in summer and swim well upstream into mangrove forests to feed on crab larvae, shrimps, amphipods, and other zooplankton (Ref. 88976). The smallest identified gravid female was 8.56 cm SL and the largest 12.3 cm SL. Gravid females were found among collections made in mid November into February. These observations agree with reported observations that spawning occurs from November through February and that juveniles settle in January through April (Ref. 88976).
夜行的, 撤退回大的湧浪水池或峽道開放的到海洋在白天期間與通常在被形成小群魚群的突出部份或岩架下面。 稚魚出現雜草中在夏末沿著岩岸。 吃浮游生物與底棲的生物。 (參考文獻 26966)
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | 卵 | 孕卵數 | 仔魚
Paulin, C. and C. Roberts, 1992. The rockpool fishes of New Zealand (Te ika aaria o Aotearoa). Museum of New Zealand (Te Papa Tongarewa). 177 p. (Ref. 9003)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.聲音神經毒速度泳型鰓區Otoliths腦重體重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16 - 18.3, mean 17.6 °C (based on 34 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00628 - 0.02410), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
營養階層 (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (K=0.55).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 25.5 [12.4, 46.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.29 [0.16, 0.49] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [18, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.331 [0.180, 0.642] g/100g ; Selenium = 7.26 [3.24, 17.87] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 39.1 [9.3, 169.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.779 [0.480, 1.235] mg/100g (wet weight);