Trichopodus trichopterus, Three spot gourami : fisheries, aquaculture, aquarium

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Trichopodus trichopterus (Pallas, 1770)

Three spot gourami
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Image of Trichopodus trichopterus (Three spot gourami)
Trichopodus trichopterus
Picture by Vierke, J.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Anabantiformes (Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae (Gouramies) > Trichogastrinae
Etymology: More on author: Pallas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243). 熱帶; 22°C - 28°C (Ref. 1672); 26°N - 10°N, 99°E - 108°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Asia: Mekong basin in Laos, Yunnan, Thailand, Cambodia and Viet Nam; Southeast Asia (Ref. 27732). Introduced elsewhere (Ref. 2847).
亞洲: 在寮國,雲南,泰國,柬埔寨與越南的湄公河流域; 東南亞.(參考文獻 27732) 引入了其他地方。 (參考文獻 2847)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 30857); common length : 10.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 57235)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 6 - 8; 背的软条 (总数): 7-10; 臀棘 9-12; 臀鳍软条: 30 - 38. Color in life brown; shoulders with irregular dark marks, yellowish on opercles and thorax; median fins and pectorals brown, ventrals yellowish. Mouth very small, very oblique, upper jaw vertical and somewhat protractile, lower jaw prominent. Scales of moderate size, irregularly arranged. Lateral line curved, irregular. Caudal fin slightly emarginate or truncate (Ref. 4792). With 8-9 dorsal-fin branched rays; 33-38 branched anal-fin rays; black spot in middle of side and at caudal-fin base (Ref. 12693). Body with numerous narrow irregular oblique bars (Ref. 43281).
颜色活着时褐色; 肩有不规则的深色印记, 淡黄色的在鳃盖与胸上; 中央的鳍与胸鳍褐色, 腹面淡黄色的。 嘴非常小的,非常斜的, 上颌垂直的与略微可伸出的, 下颌突出的。 鳞片中等大小的, 不规则地安排。 侧线弯曲, 不规则的。 尾鳍边缘微凹或截形的.(参考文献 4792) 8-9 背鳍分支条; 33-38个分枝的臀鳍棘条; 在侧边的中央的黑色的斑点而在尾鳍基底。 (参考文献 12693) 身体有很多的狭窄不规则的斜纹.(参考文献 43281)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Lives in lowland wetlands (Ref. 57235). Found in marshes, swamps and canals (Ref. 43281). Inhabits shallow sluggish or standing-water with a lot of aquatic vegetation. Occurs in seasonally flooded forests throughout the middle and lower Mekong (Ref. 12693). Undertakes lateral migrations from the Mekong mainstream, or other permanent water bodies, to flooded areas during the flood season and returns to the permanent water bodies at the onset of the dry season (Ref. 37770). An air-breathing species (Ref. 118402). Feeds on zooplankton, crustaceans and insect larvae. Processed into salted, dried fish in Java (Ref. 4929). Also marketed fresh and commonly seen in the aquarium fish trade (Ref. 12693). Aquarium keeping: minimum aquarium size 100 cm (Ref. 51539).

生活在低地的洼地。 (参考文献 57235) 发现于湿地,沼泽与管了。 (参考文献 43281) 栖息于水浅的滞流或静止的水域有许多水生植物的地方。 在湄公河中下游各处季节性地出现于被水淹没的森林。 (参考文献 12693) 在洪水季节的时候进行对洪泛区的横向回游从湄公河主流, 或其他的永久性水体而且回到永久性水体在干季的开始.(参考文献 37770) 吃浮游动物,甲壳动物与昆虫幼生。 加工成了盐腌的, 在爪哇的鱼干.(参考文献 4929) 也生鲜地在市场上销售而且通常在水族馆鱼中见到贸易.(參考文獻 12693) 水族館保持: 水族館最小體型 100 公分.(參考文獻 51539)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Builds bubble nest, usually at the surface. Male usually gathers the eggs, places them in the nest and guards them until they reach free-swimming stage (Ref. 6028). Male drives the female away (Ref. 1672).亞洲: 在寮國,雲南,泰國,柬埔寨與越南的湄公河流域; 東南亞.(參考文獻 27732) 引入了其他地方。 (參考文獻 2847)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 21 January 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 养殖: 商业性; 水族馆: 高经济性
FAO - 渔业: landings; Publication: search | FishSource |

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俗名
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孕卵数

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 渔业: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02344 (0.01370 - 0.04011), b=3.02 (2.87 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.23 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (tm<1; multiple spawning per year;).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 117 [44, 572] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.44 [0.69, 3.31] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [16.6, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.275 [0.109, 0.667] g/100g ; Selenium = 40.9 [16.8, 94.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 25.3 [7.1, 107.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.88 [1.23, 5.86] mg/100g (wet weight);