分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 新鮮な水; 汽水性の 底生の漂泳性. Subtropical
Europe: Aegean Sea basin from Pinios to Gallikos drainages (Greece and Macedonia). Asia: Turkey.
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 59043); 9.0 cm SL (female)
Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): zone Z4 with 13-24 well separated spots; zone Z3 wider than zone Z2, comprising several rows of small dots; dark spot at caudal base clearly visible. One lamina circularis.
Found in still waters of lakes, oxbows and backwaters on mud to silt bottom, rarely in flowing water (Ref. 59043). Also occur in marshlands, lowland rivers with little current, springs and associated wetlands (Ref. 26100). A short-lived species. Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Can be diagnosed from Cobitis elongatoides and Cobitis pontica only by chromosome characters. They cannot be distinguished in the field, except by origin (Ref. 59043). Is threatened due to water abstraction and pollution (Ref. 26100). Current assessment of threat reduced to least concern (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00291 - 0.00823), b=3.12 (2.98 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .