Pegasus lancifer, Sculptured seamoth

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Pegasus lancifer Kaup, 1861

Sculptured seamoth
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Pegasus lancifer   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pegasus lancifer (Sculptured seamoth)
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Pegasidae.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Dactylopteriformes (Flying gurnards) > Pegasidae (Seamoths)
Etymology: Pegasus: Taken form the winged horse of Perseus in the ancient Greek, mithology (Ref. 45335);  lancifer: From the Latin word 'lancea' meaning a light spear or lance.  More on author: Kaup.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 深度上下限 20 - 50 m (Ref. 75154), usually - m (Ref. ).   亞熱帶的; 0°C - ; 33°S - 45°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to the temperate waters of southern Australia and Tasmania.
東印度洋: 澳洲南部與塔斯梅尼亞的溫帶水域的特有種。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.1 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 1418)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 5; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 5; 脊椎骨: 22. Body light to dark brown, olive or blue dorsally and laterally, light brown ventrally. Tail rings 14, anteriormost 7 mobile, remaining 7 fused; terminal tail rings with dorsal and ventral pairs of posteriorly directed spines; rostrum square in cross section; interpectoral plate absent. 4 pairs dorsolateral body plates; 5 pairs ventrolateral body plates; suborbital shelf convex, obscuring eye from ventral view; deep pits on dorsal surface of head and within interorbital depression absent. Orbit with small scales.
身体淡色的到深褐色的,橄榄色或蓝色的背面而且侧面地, 腹面淡褐色。 尾环 14, 最前面的 7 移动的, 保持 7 融合了; 末端的尾环有背部与腹部的对朝向后面棘; 喙一致横切面; 胸间碟不存在。 4 配对体背外侧的碟; 5 对体腹外侧的碟; 眶下架凸状, 看不清楚眼睛从腹面看上去; 深的洼凹在头部背面上而且在眼间骨凹洼里面不存在。 眼窝有小鳞片。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A benthic species found inshore of the continental shelf in muddy, silty and sandy bottoms, usually with seagrass; intertidal to 50 m depth (Ref. 75154). Large numbers of individuals are known to congregate in the shallows of estuaries. The species is capable of burying itself in the sediment and change colors to match the background.

许多的个体被知道在河口的浅滩中聚集。 此鱼种能够在沉淀物中把自己埋藏起来而且改变颜色与背景相配。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Spawning occurs as male & female swim from vent to vent, about 1 meter off the bottom, while they release eggs & sperms. The pair separates and each swims away as the eggs begin a pelagic phase. 東印度洋: 澳洲南部與塔斯梅尼亞的溫帶水域的特有種。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Palsson, W.A. and T.W. Pietsch, 1989. Revision of the Acanthopterygian fish Family Pegasidae (Order Gasterosteiformes). Indo-Pac. Fish. (18):38 p. (Ref. 1418)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 May 2016

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.6 - 18, mean 16 °C (based on 31 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5781   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .