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Pegasus lancifer Kaup, 1861

Sculptured seamoth
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pegasus lancifer   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pegasus lancifer (Sculptured seamoth)
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Pegasidae.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Dactylopteriformes (Flying gurnards) 刺魚目 (Flying gurnards) > Pegasidae (Seamoths) 海蛾魚科 (Seamoths)
Etymology: Pegasus: Taken form the winged horse of Perseus in the ancient Greek, mithology (Ref. 45335);  lancifer: From the Latin word 'lancea' meaning a light spear or lance..
More on author: Kaup.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

海洋; 半鹹淡水 居於水底的; 深度上下限 20 - 50 m (Ref. 75154). 亞熱帶的; 33°S - 45°S

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to the temperate waters of southern Australia and Tasmania.
東印度洋: 澳洲南部與塔斯梅尼亞的溫帶水域的特有種。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.1 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 1418)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 5; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 5; 脊椎骨: 22. Body light to dark brown, olive or blue dorsally and laterally, light brown ventrally. Tail rings 14, anteriormost 7 mobile, remaining 7 fused; terminal tail rings with dorsal and ventral pairs of posteriorly directed spines; rostrum square in cross section; interpectoral plate absent. 4 pairs dorsolateral body plates; 5 pairs ventrolateral body plates; suborbital shelf convex, obscuring eye from ventral view; deep pits on dorsal surface of head and within interorbital depression absent. Orbit with small scales.
身體淡色的到深褐色的﹐橄欖色或藍色的背面而且側面地, 腹面淡褐色。 尾環 14, 最前面的 7 移動的, 保持 7 融合了; 末端的尾環有背部與腹部的對朝向後面棘; 喙一致橫切面; 胸間碟不存在。 4 配對體背外側的碟; 5 對體腹外側的碟; 眶下架凸狀, 看不清楚眼睛從腹面看上去; 深的窪凹在頭部背面上而且在眼間骨凹窪裡面不存在。 眼窩有小鱗片。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

A benthic species found inshore of the continental shelf in muddy, silty and sandy bottoms, usually with seagrass; intertidal to 50 m depth (Ref. 75154). Large numbers of individuals are known to congregate in the shallows of estuaries. The species is capable of burying itself in the sediment and change colors to match the background.

許多的個體被知道在河口的淺灘中聚集。 此魚種能夠在沉澱物中把自己埋藏起來而且改變顏色與背景相配。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Spawning occurs as male & female swim from vent to vent, about 1 meter off the bottom, while they release eggs & sperms. The pair separates and each swims away as the eggs begin a pelagic phase. 東印度洋: 澳洲南部與塔斯梅尼亞的溫帶水域的特有種。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Palsson, W.A. and T.W. Pietsch, 1989. Revision of the Acanthopterygian fish Family Pegasidae (Order Gasterosteiformes). Indo-Pac. Fish. (18):38 p. (Ref. 1418)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 May 2016

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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網路資源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 14.6 - 18, mean 16 °C (based on 31 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5781   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).