Equulites lineolatus, Ornate ponyfish : fisheries

Equulites lineolatus (Valenciennes 1835)

Ornate ponyfish
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Equulites lineolatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Equulites lineolatus (Ornate ponyfish)
Equulites lineolatus
Picture by Fisheries Research Institute, Taiwan

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) > Leiognathidae (Slimys, slipmouths, or ponyfishes) > Gazzinae
  More on author: Valenciennes.

Issue
nomen dubium: Sparks (2006) indicated that the designation of the lectotype(s) by Jones (1985) and Bauchot and Desoutter (1989) must be invalid because the lectotype was probably chosen from incorrect syntypes (see ICZN 1999: MNHN A.6738 with 2 specimens, MNHN A.6739, MNHN 1988-397, and MNHN 1988-328 measure too small, 26-46 mm SL, and are not correct syntypes). Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes 1835 stated clearly in the original description of Equula lineolata, ‘‘Nos individus sont longs de trois pouces (Our specimens are three inches in length)’’. Thus, the lectotype(s) designated are totally invalid, and it is impossible to identify Equula lineolata accurately for no type specimens could be found and the original description was incomplete (Ref. 120651).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 深度上下限 20 - 50 m (Ref. 28016).   热带; 36°N - 31°S, 30°E - 169°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Durban, South Africa (Ref. 11228), Madagascar and Pakistan to the Philippines, north to southern Japan (Ref. 559), south to northeast Australia.
印度-西太平洋: 南非的德尔班 (参考文献 11228), 马达加斯加与巴基斯坦到菲律宾, 北至日本南部 (参考文献 559), 南至澳洲东北部。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5450)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in coastal waters. Stays near the substrate and feeds on fish, crustaceans, chaetognaths, nematodes, bivalves, and gastropods (Ref. 5213).

发现于沿岸水域了。 停留在底部的附近并且吃鱼,甲壳动物,毛颚类动物,线虫类,二枚贝与腹足动物.(参考文献 5213)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-西太平洋: 南非的德尔班 (参考文献 11228), 马达加斯加与巴基斯坦到菲律宾, 北至日本南部 (参考文献 559), 南至澳洲东北部。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Woodland, David J. | 合作者

James, P.S.B.R., 1984. Leiognathidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 2. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3424)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.1 - 28.6, mean 27.6 °C (based on 318 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00201 - 0.01311), b=3.15 (2.93 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.50 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=1.05-2.83).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.