Syacium gunteri, Shoal flounder : fisheries

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Syacium gunteri Ginsburg, 1933

Shoal flounder
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Syacium gunteri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Syacium gunteri
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cyclopsettidae (Sand whiffs)
Etymology: Syacium: Greek, yagke, -es = cheek; diminutive (Cfr. Aaptosyax).  More on author: Ginsburg.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 27 - 95 m (Ref. 7251).   熱帶; - 6°N

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: northeastern Florida (USA), Gulf of Mexico, and the Antilles to Guyana.
西大西洋: 佛羅里達東北方 (美國) ,墨西哥灣與安地列斯群島到蓋亞那。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 9.6, range 6 - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 7251); common length : 15.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5217)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found between the shore and 100 m depth, on sand or mud bottoms rich in organic matter. Feed mainly on shrimps (Penaeidae), amphipods, crustacean larvae and annelids. The whole life cycle develops on the continental shelf. During reproduction in May and September, adults gather in shallow waters of the estuaries and along the coast. Sexual activity takes place during the rainy season which corresponds to quite a large influx of organic matter, thereby ensuring food for the breeding fish. Sexual dimorphism affects the interorbital width and pectoral fin length of the hidden side. Juveniles remain planktonic for a long time with a high growth rate of >5% per day (Ref. 35237).

发现在海岸与 100 公尺深之间了, 在沙或泥底部上丰富的在有机物。 主要吃虾 (对虾) ,片脚类动物,甲壳类幼生与环节动物。 它的整个生命周期在大陆架上发育。 在繁殖的时候五月时与九月, 成鱼河口聚集在浅水区中而且沿着海岸。 性的活动在相当一个有机物的大流入一致的雨季的时候发生,藉此为繁殖鱼确定食物。 性的同种二形影响眼间骨宽度与隐藏侧边的胸鳍长度。 稚鱼保持浮游性有很长的一段时间具有一个高的增长率 >一天 5%.(参考文献 35237)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).西大西洋: 佛羅里達東北方 (美國) ,墨西哥灣與安地列斯群島到蓋亞那。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 29 January 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 21.2 - 27.4, mean 24.8 °C (based on 104 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00394 - 0.01332), b=3.08 (2.92 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.44 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 110 [46, 230] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.91 [0.48, 1.86] mg/100g ; Protein = 16 [14, 18] % ; Omega3 = 0.201 [0.077, 0.474] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.1 [11.5, 74.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 62.6 [12.2, 257.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.64 [0.98, 2.61] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.