Trachurus lathami, Rough scad : fisheries

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Trachurus lathami Nichols, 1920

Rough scad
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Trachurus lathami   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Trachurus lathami (Rough scad)
Trachurus lathami
Picture by Fischer, L.G.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Carangiformes (Jacks) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Trachurus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Nichols.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 30 - 200 m (Ref. 5951), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C - ; 45°N - 37°S

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951) to Maine, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern Argentina; apparently rare in the West Indies.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 12.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 7251); common length : 30.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 5217); publicerad maxvikt: 500.00 g (Ref. 5217)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 8; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 32; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 28. Body elongate and slightly compressed; posterior edge of upper jaw reaching to below anterior margin of eye; eye large with a well developed adipose eyelid; shallow furrow on upper margin of shoulder girdle; body except for small part behind pectoral fin covered with small cycloid scales; body dark blue dorsally, silver-white ventrally; black blotch on posterior margin of opercle; tip of snout dusky; anterior margin and tip of first dorsal fin dusky, other parts pale; second dorsal fin pale; caudal fin dusky, pectoral and pelvic fins pale (Ref. 13608).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Adults are benthopelagic over continental shelves (Ref. 5217). Rare in oceanic insular areas (Ref. 5217). Juveniles associate with the jellyfish Chrysaora lactea in Southwestern Atlantic. Preyed on by juvenile comb grouper (Mycteroperca acutirostris) when protection given by the jellyfish fails (Ref. 52493). Adults are found often in schools. They feed on small invertebrates. Marketed fresh locally and considered a good food fish (Ref. 9626). In southern Brazil, stocks are found in 147 m deep water (Ref. 47377).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Medarbetare

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 21 August 2012

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell
FAO - fiskeri: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
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Ekosystem
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Utplanteringar
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Ekologi
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synonymer
Metabolik
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Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
referenser
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Ljud
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Otoliths
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Internet-källor

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - fiskeri: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | GoMexSI (interaction data) | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationella databaser | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.5 - 27.1, mean 22.5 °C (based on 191 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00831 - 0.01048), b=2.96 (2.93 - 2.99), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.16; tm=2).
Prior r = 0.55, 95% CL = 0.36 - 0.83, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 114 [55, 204] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.38 [1.18, 4.31] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.4 [19.6, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.2 [0.1, 0.4] g/100g ; Selenium = 22.6 [10.7, 44.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 64.7 [15.1, 271.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.73 [1.13, 2.71] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.