Centropomus undecimalis, Common snook : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch 1792)

Common snook
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Centropomus undecimalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Centropomus undecimalis (Common snook)
Centropomus undecimalis
Picture by Patzner, R.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Carangaria/misc () > Centropomidae (Snooks)
Etymology: Centropomus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut; air tawar; payau berasosiasi dengan karang; amphidromus (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman ? - 22 m (Ref. 26912).   Tropical; 25°C - 31°C (Ref. 36880); 33°N - 35°S, 98°W - 33°W

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA), southeastern coast of the Gulf of Mexico, most of the Antilles and Caribbean coast of Central and South America extending southward to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; also North Carolina and Texas, USA (Ref. 7251).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?, range 42 - ? cm
Max length : 140 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 9710); common length : 50.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 3713); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 24.3 kg (Ref. 4699); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 7 Tahun (Ref. 12193)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 8 - 9; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 10; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 6. 67- to 72 pored scales on lateral line to base of caudal fin (Ref. 26938). Black lateral line (Ref. 13442).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Adults inhabit coastal waters, estuaries and lagoons, penetrating into freshwater; usually at depths less than 20 m (Ref. 3713). Feed on fishes (Gobiidae, Gerreidae, Engraulidae) and crustaceans (shrimps and crabs) (Ref. 35237). Mature individuals congregate at mouths of passes and rivers during the spawning season, May through September (Ref. 3713). Seasonal movements into freshwater occur but poorly understood (Ref. 3713). Marketed fresh (Ref. 5712). Valued game fish and an excellent food fish (Ref. 26938). The world record for hook and line is a 53-lb., 10 ounce fish caught at Parismina Ranch, Costa Rica (Ref. 13442).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Also Ref. 103751.

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 123251)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 08 February 2019

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Budidaya air: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya
FAO(Budidaya air: production; Perikanan: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
BRUVS
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.5 - 28.1, mean 27.3 °C (based on 864 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00571 - 0.00920), b=3.02 (2.97 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.3-0.49; tm=4; tmax=7; Fec=3 million).
Prior r = 0.87, 95% CL = 0.58 - 1.31, Based on 2 stock assessments.
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Low.