Culaea inconstans, Brook stickleback : aquarium, bait

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Culaea inconstans (Kirtland, 1840)

Brook stickleback
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Perciformes/Gasterosteoidei (Sticklebacks) > Gasterosteidae (Sticklebacks and tubesnouts)
Etymology: Culaea: Coined from the name "Eucalia"; Greek, = good nest (Ref. 45335);  inconstans: inconstans meaning variable (Ref. 1998).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 居于水底的; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: ? - 15; 深度上下限 0 - 55 m (Ref. 1998). 溫帶; 4°C - 18°C (Ref. 2059); 69°N - 34°N

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

North America: Nova Scotia to Northwest Territories and eastern British Columbia in Canada; Great Lakes-Mississippi River basins south to southern Ohio and Nebraska in USA and west to Montana, USA. Isolated population in Canadian River system in northeastern New Mexico, USA. Introduced elsewhere (Ref. 5723). Introduced in upper Inn drainage in Bavaria, Germany and accidentally in the 1960’s with Micropterus to southern Finland where it has established a population in Lake Lohjanjarvi (Ref. 59043).
北美洲: 對西北地區與東方的加拿大的英屬哥倫比亞的新斯科舍省; 五大湖-密西西比的河流域南至在美國的俄亥俄州南部與內布拉斯加而且西至美國的蒙大納。 在加拿大河流域在東北方的美國新墨西哥州的孤立的族群。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.7 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5723); common length : 5.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 12193); 最大年龄: 2.00 年 (Ref. 12193)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Diagnosed from other species of Gasterosteidae in Europe by combination of the following characters: 4-6 short dorsal spines, never inclined to the left or to the right; without keel on side of caudal peduncle; anal fin origin slightly behind dorsal fin origin; body dark olive green (getting blackish in breeding males), with numerous pale spots or undulating bars on flank (Ref. 59043).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit cool, vegetated, sand or mud bottoms of lakes and ponds. Also in pools and backwaters of creeks and small rivers (Ref. 1998, 10294). Rarely found in brackish water. Feed on crustacean and insect larvae, eggs and larvae of fishes, snails, oligochaetes and algae (Ref. 1998, 10294). Preyed upon by kingfishers, herons, and mergansers and occasionally by fishes like Salvelinus fontinalis and Esox lucius (Ref. 1998). Males build, guard and aerate the nest where the eggs are deposited (Ref. 205).

栖息于冷的, 植物生长的, 湖泊与池塘的沙或泥底部。 也在小溪与小河的深潭与滞水区中。 很少发现于半淡咸水了。 吃甲壳动物与鱼,蜗牛,蠕虫与藻类的昆虫幼生,卵与仔鱼。 (参考文献 1998) 被鱼狗,苍鹭与秋沙鸭捕食了而且偶然地藉着鱼例如美洲红点鲑[溪红点鲑][Salvelinus fontinalis] 与 白斑狗鱼[Esox lucius] 。 (参考文献 1998)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Males arrive first in shallow waters, establish their territories, and build small nests near the bottom. The male then entices the female to the nest and by prodding her ventral and caudal peduncle area, forces her to release her eggs into the nest. The male then drives the female away, fertilizes the eggs and guards his territory until the young hatch and swim away. Males may build two nests during a breeding season and more than one female may deposit eggs in each nest (Ref. 1998). Eggs hatch in 8-9 days (Ref. 59043).北美洲: 對西北地區與東方的加拿大的英屬哥倫比亞的新斯科舍省; 五大湖-密西西比的河流域南至在美國的俄亥俄州南部與內布拉斯加而且西至美國的蒙大納。 在加拿大河流域在東北方的美國新墨西哥州的孤立的族群。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 November 2011

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

水族馆: 商业性; 诱饵: occasionally
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
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Nutrients
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声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00400 - 0.02616), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (tmax=2).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100).