Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; Água doce demersal. Temperate; 49°N - 39°N
North America: Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River, Hudson Bay (in Red River) and Mississippi River basins from Quebec in Canada and Vermont in USA to southern Ontario in Canada and northern Minnesota in USA, and south to Ohio River in Kentucky, USA.
Tamanho / Peso / Idade
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 5723); common length : 52.5 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 12193); peso máx. Publicado: 4.2 kg (Ref. 4699)
Pigmentation: For both males and females, sides are yellow-gold, dorsal surfaces are olive in color, and caudal fins are bright red on the outside and becoming orange at the center.
Occurs in sandy to rocky pools and runs of medium to large rivers, and also in lakes. Spawning occurs along edges and midstream areas of riffles, on pebble, cobble, and gravel substrates (Ref. 49090).
Spawn in groups with between two and seven males and one or two females. Males pose on other side of a female prior to spawning. Brisk vibrations of the dorsal and caudal fins occur during spawning. Gametes are released while males and females rolled over one another. Mean duration of spawning event is 4.4 seconds +/- 0.5 s. Mean duration between spawning events is 22.2 +/- 5.3 mins (Ref. 49090).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Ameaça para o homem
Peixe desportivo: sim
ReferênciasAquaculturaPerfil para aquaculturaEstirpesGenéticaFrequência dos alelosHereditariedadeDoençasProcessamentoNutrientsMass conversion
ColaboradoresFotografiasStamps, Coins Misc.SonsCiguateraVelocidadeTipo de nataçãoÁrea branquialOutras referênciasCérebrosVisão
Fontes da internet
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00202 - 0.01186), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.43 se; based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179
): Baixo, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 4,5 - 14 anos (tm=5-13).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .