Scardinius erythrophthalmus, Rudd : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium, bait

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Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rudd
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Scardinius erythrophthalmus
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Scardinius: A range of lofty mountains, Scardus, forming the boundary between Moesia and Macedonia;  erythrophthalmus: Name from Greek words scar=a kind of fish; din=terrible, whirling; erythro=red; phthalm=the eye (Ref. 79012)  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 新鮮な水; 汽水性の 底生の漂泳性; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Temperate; 2°C - 22°C (Ref. 27368); 62°N - 36°N, 10°W - 70°E

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Eurasia: Most European rivers north of Pyrenees and Alps, eastward to Ural and Eya drainages, Aral and White Sea basins; Black Sea basin in Europe and northern Asia Minor. Naturally absent from Iberian Peninsula, Adriatic basin, Italy, Greece south of Pinios drainage, Great Britain north of 54 N, Ireland and Scandinavia north of 62° N (Ref. 59043). Definitely absent in Siberia. Reports from this area arose from the confusion between the rudd and the roach (Ref. 1441). Introduced to several countries. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction (Ref. 1739).

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm 8.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.7 cm TL (female); common length : 20.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 556); 最大公表体重: g; 最大記録サイズ: 19 年 (Ref. 27368)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 3; 背鰭 (合計): 8-9; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 8 - 12; 脊つい: 36 - 39. Distinguished from its congeners in Europe by the following combination of characters: 39-42 scales along lateral line; anal fin with 10-13½ branched rays; 9-12 gill rakers; dorsal head profile straight or slightly convex, snout pointing forward, tip at or slightly above level of middle of eye; back not humped behind nape; eye bit close to dorsal head profile when viewed laterally; articulation of lower jaw in front of anterior margin of eye; head and body compressed, head width 13-14% SL; head length 24-28% SL; caudal peduncle depth 1.5-2.0 times in its length, 11-12% SL; and all fins with reddish hue, pelvic fin deep red (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 18-19 rays (Ref. 2196)

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Occurs mainly in nutrient-rich, well vegetated lowland rivers, backwaters, oxbows, ponds and lakes. Feeds mainly on plankton, terrestrial insects and plant material. Breeds on roots or submerged plants. Can adapt to unfavorable environmental condition (Ref. 59043). Colorless or pale yellow eggs are found attached to vegetation in shallow water (Ref. 41678). Consumed fresh (Ref. 30578). Threatened due to the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Males gather at spawning grounds and drive ripe females, often with much splashing, into dense vegetation to spawn (Ref. 59043). Eggs are very sticky (Ref. 59043) and colorless or pale yellow which are found attached to vegetation in shallow water (Ref. 41678).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 124695)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Potential pest (Ref. 52336)





Human uses

水産業: 少数商業の; 水産養殖: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい; 水族館・水槽: 商業; 餌: usually
FAO - 水産養殖: 代謝; 水産業: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

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参考文献
水産養殖
水産養殖の紹介
緊張
遺伝子の
対立遺伝子頻度
遺伝
病気
行列
Nutrients
Mass conversion
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
泳ぐ 型式
カマ
Otoliths

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インターネットの情報源

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00731 - 0.00904), b=3.15 (3.12 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.39 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低い, 4.5年~14年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.09-0.18; tm=3-4; tmax=19).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 36.9 [15.8, 85.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.336 [0.157, 0.666] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [16.2, 19.4] % ; Omega3 = 1.25 [0.53, 2.97] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.8 [5.1, 35.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 39.7 [11.1, 145.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.473 [0.286, 0.855] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.